Selected Publications

Academic Article

Year Title
2024 Air quality improvements can strengthen China's food security.Nat Food.  5:158-170. 2024
2024 The complexity of heatwaves impact on terrestrial ecosystem carbon fluxes: Factors, mechanisms and a multi-stage analytical approach.Environmental Research.  240:117495. 2024
2023 Deeper topsoils enhance ecosystem productivity and climate resilience in arid regions, but not in humid regions.Global Change Biology.  29:6794-6811. 2023
2023 Increased photosynthesis during spring drought in energy-limited ecosystems.Nature Communications.  14:7828. 2023
2023 Non-symmetric responses of leaf onset date to natural warming and cooling in northern ecosystems.PNAS Nexus.  2:pgad308. 2023
2023 Global water use efficiency saturation due to increased vapor pressure deficit.Science.  381:672-677. 2023
2023 New-generation geostationary satellite reveals widespread midday depression in dryland photosynthesis during 2020 western U.S. heatwave.Science advances.  9:eadi0775. 2023
2023 Large diurnal compensatory effects mitigate the response of Amazonian forests to atmospheric warming and drying.Science advances.  9:eabq4974. 2023
2023 Persistent and enhanced carbon sequestration capacity of alpine grasslands on Earth's Third Pole.Science advances.  9:eade6875. 2023
2023 Vegetation photosynthetic phenology dataset in northern terrestrial ecosystems.Scientific data.  10:300. 2023
2022 Optimal ranges of social-environmental drivers and their impacts on vegetation dynamics in Kazakhstan.Science of the Total Environment.  847:157562. 2022
2022 Detecting long-term changes in stomatal conductance: challenges and opportunities of tree-ring δ18 O proxy.New Phytologist.  236:809-812. 2022
2022 Soil moisture regulates warming responses of autumn photosynthetic transition dates in subtropical forests.Global Change Biology.  28:4935-4946. 2022
2022 Optical vegetation indices for monitoring terrestrial ecosystems globallyNATURE REVIEWS EARTH & ENVIRONMENT.  3:477-493. 2022
2022 Combining GOES-R and ECOSTRESS land surface temperature data to investigate diurnal variations of surface urban heat island.Science of the Total Environment.  823:153652. 2022
2022 Effects of Aerosols on Gross Primary Production from Ecosystems to the GlobeRemote Sensing.  14:2759-2759. 2022
2022 Daytime and nighttime warming has no opposite effects on vegetation phenology and productivity in the northern hemisphere.Science of the Total Environment.  822:153386. 2022
2022 Decipher soil organic carbon dynamics and driving forces across China using machine learning.Global Change Biology.  28:3394-3410. 2022
2022 Urbanization Contributes Little to Global Warming but Substantially Intensifies Local and Regional Land Surface WarmingEarth's Future.  10. 2022
2022 Vegetation activity enhanced in India during the COVID-19 lockdowns: evidence from satellite dataGeocarto International.  37:12618-12637. 2022
2022 Spatial patterns and driving factors of aboveground and belowground biomass over the eastern Eurasian steppe.Science of the Total Environment.  803:149700. 2022
2021 Seasonal changes in GPP/SIF ratios and their climatic determinants across the Northern Hemisphere.Global Change Biology.  27:5186-5197. 2021
2021 Soil respiration strongly offsets carbon uptake in Alaska and Northwest CanadaEnvironmental Research Letters.  16:084051-084051. 2021
2021 Emerging satellite observations for diurnal cycling of ecosystem processes.Nature Plants.  7:877-887. 2021
2021 Linking Remotely Sensed Carbon and Water Use Efficiencies with In Situ Soil PropertiesRemote Sensing.  13:2593-2593. 2021
2021 ECOSTRESS estimates gross primary production with fine spatial resolution for different times of day from the International Space StationRemote Sensing of Environment: an interdisciplinary journal.  258:112360-112360. 2021
2021 Influence of landscape features on urban land surface temperature: Scale and neighborhood effects.Science of the Total Environment.  771:145381. 2021
2021 Sub-Daily Natural CO2 Flux Simulation Based on Satellite Data: Diurnal and Seasonal Pattern Comparisons to Anthropogenic CO2 Emissions in the Greater Tokyo AreaRemote Sensing.  13:2037-2037. 2021
2021 Potential of hotspot solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence for better tracking terrestrial photosynthesis.Global Change Biology.  27:2144-2158. 2021
2021 Exploring diurnal cycles of surface urban heat island intensity in Boston with land surface temperature data derived from GOES-R geostationary satellites.Science of the Total Environment.  763:144224. 2021
2021 Moisture availability mediates the relationship between terrestrial gross primary production and solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence: Insights from global-scale variations.Global Change Biology.  27:1144-1156. 2021
2021 Improving the Capability of the SCOPE Model for Simulating Solar-Induced Fluorescence and Gross Primary Production Using Data from OCO-2 and Flux TowersRemote Sensing.  13:794-794. 2021
2020 Synergistic use of SMAP and OCO-2 data in assessing the responses of ecosystem productivity to the 2018 US droughtRemote Sensing of Environment: an interdisciplinary journal.  251:112062-112062. 2020
2020 Canopy photosynthetic capacity drives contrasting age dynamics of resource use efficiencies between mature temperate evergreen and deciduous forests.Global Change Biology.  26:6156-6167. 2020
2020 Sun-induced fluorescence closely linked to ecosystem transpiration as evidenced by satellite data and radiative transfer modelsRemote Sensing of Environment: an interdisciplinary journal.  249:112030-112030. 2020
2020 Improving a Biogeochemical Model to Simulate Surface Energy, Greenhouse Gas Fluxes, and Radiative Forcing for Different Land Use Types in Northeastern United StatesGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles: an international journal of global change.  34. 2020
2020 Global climatic controls on interannual variability of ecosystem productivity: Similarities and differences inferred from solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and enhanced vegetation indexAgricultural and Forest Meteorology.  288:108018-108018. 2020
2020 Heatwave effects on gross primary production of northern mid-latitude ecosystemsEnvironmental Research Letters.  15:074027-074027. 2020
2020 Biogeochemical and socioeconomic drivers of above- and below-ground carbon stocks in urban residential yards of a small cityLandscape and Urban Planning.  196:103724-103724. 2020
2020 Increased carbon uptake and water use efficiency in global semi-arid ecosystemsEnvironmental Research Letters.  15:034022-034022. 2020
2020 Responses of Water Use Efficiency to Drought in Southwest ChinaRemote Sensing.  12:199-199. 2020
2019 Carbon fluxes across alpine, oasis, and desert ecosystems in northwestern China: The importance of water availability.Science of the Total Environment.  697:133978. 2019
2019 Remote sensing and modeling fusion for investigating the ecosystem water-carbon coupling processes.Science of the Total Environment.  697:134064. 2019
2019 Mapping Photosynthesis Solely from Solar-Induced Chlorophyll Fluorescence: A Global, Fine-Resolution Dataset of Gross Primary Production Derived from OCO-2Remote Sensing.  11:2563-2563. 2019
2019 Remote sensing of the terrestrial carbon cycle: A review of advances over 50 yearsRemote Sensing of Environment: an interdisciplinary journal.  233:111383-111383. 2019
2019 Disentangling the role of photosynthesis and stomatal conductance on rising forest water-use efficiency.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of USA.  116:16909-16914. 2019
2019 No trends in spring and autumn phenology during the global warming hiatus.Nature Communications.  10:2389. 2019
2019 Solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence exhibits a universal relationship with gross primary productivity across a wide variety of biomes.Global Change Biology.  25:e4-e6. 2019
2019 A Global, 0.05-Degree Product of Solar-Induced Chlorophyll Fluorescence Derived from OCO-2, MODIS, and Reanalysis DataRemote Sensing.  11:517-517. 2019
2019 Satellite Remote Sensing of Surface Urban Heat Islands: Progress, Challenges, and PerspectivesRemote Sensing.  11:48-48. 2019
2018 Solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence is strongly correlated with terrestrial photosynthesis for a wide variety of biomes: First global analysis based on OCO-2 and flux tower observations.Global Change Biology.  24:3990-4008. 2018
2018 Higher absorbed solar radiation partly offset the negative effects of water stress on the photosynthesis of Amazon forests during the 2015 droughtEnvironmental Research Letters.  13:044005-044005. 2018
2017 Impacts of land use and socioeconomic patterns on urban heat IslandInternational Journal of Remote Sensing.  38:3445-3465. 2017
2016 Evapotranspiration and water use efficiency in relation to climate and canopy nitrogen in US forestsJournal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences.  121:2610-2629. 2016
2016 Preface: Impacts of extreme climate events and disturbances on carbon dynamicsBiogeosciences.  13:3665-3675. 2016
2016 Differentiating anthropogenic modification and precipitation-driven change on vegetation productivity on the Mongolian PlateauLandscape Ecology.  31:547-566. 2016
2015 Drought impacts on ecosystem functions of the US National Forests and Grasslands: Part I evaluation of a water and carbon balance modelForest Ecology and Management.  353:260-268. 2015
2015 Drought impacts on ecosystem functions of the US National Forests and Grasslands: Part II assessment results and management implicationsForest Ecology and Management.  353:269-279. 2015
2015 Global patterns, trends, and drivers of water use efficiency from 2000 to 2013Ecosphere.  6:1-18. 2015
2015 Soil organic carbon in deep profiles under Chinese continental monsoon climate and its relations with land usesEcological Engineering.  82:361-367. 2015
2015 Generalization and evaluation of the process-based forest ecosystem model PnET-CN for other biomesEcosphere.  6:1-27. 2015
2015 Monthly land cover-specific evapotranspiration models derived from global eddy flux measurements and remote sensing dataEcohydrology.  9:248-266. 2015
2014 Data-driven diagnostics of terrestrial carbon dynamics over North AmericaAgricultural and Forest Meteorology.  197:142-157. 2014
2014 Uncertainty in model parameters and regional carbon fluxes: A model-data fusion approachAgricultural and Forest Meteorology.  189-190:175-186. 2014
2014 China's sizeable and uncertain carbon sink: a perspective from GOSATChinese Science Bulletin.  59:1547-1555. 2014
2014 Approaches to advance scientific understanding of macrosystems ecologyFrontiers in Ecology and the Environment.  12:15-23. 2014
2014 Macrosystems ecology: understanding ecological patterns and processes at continental scalesFrontiers in Ecology and the Environment.  12:5-14. 2014
2014 Net ecosystem productivity of temperate grasslands in northern China: An upscaling studyAgricultural and Forest Meteorology.  184:71-81. 2014
2014 A Comparison of Satellite-Derived Vegetation Indices for Approximating Gross Primary Productivity of GrasslandsRangeland Ecology and Management.  67:9-18. 2014
2014 Quantifying the effects of harvesting on carbon fluxes and stocks in northern temperate forestsBiogeosciences.  11:6667-6682. 2014
2014 The contribution of China’s Grain to Green Program to carbon sequestrationLandscape Ecology.  29:1675-1688. 2014
2013 Carbon fluxes, evapotranspiration, and water use efficiency of terrestrial ecosystems in ChinaAgricultural and Forest Meteorology.  182-183:76-90. 2013
2013 Evaluation of continental carbon cycle simulations with North American flux tower observationsEcological Monographs.  83:531-556. 2013
2013 The use of forest stand age information in an atmospheric CO2 inversion applied to North AmericaBiogeosciences.  10:5335-5348. 2013
2013 Vegetation response to extreme climate events on the Mongolian Plateau from 2000 to 2010Environmental Research Letters.  8:035033-035033. 2013
2012 North American Carbon Program (NACP) regional interim synthesis: Terrestrial biospheric model intercomparisonEcological Modelling.  232:144-157. 2012
2012 Terrestrial biosphere models need better representation of vegetation phenology: Results from the North American Carbon Program Site SynthesisGlobal Change Biology.  18:566-584. 2012
2012 Advances in upscaling of eddy covariance measurements of carbon and water fluxesJournal of Geophysical Research.  117. 2012
2012 The 2010 spring drought reduced primary productivity in southwestern ChinaEnvironmental Research Letters.  7:045706-045706. 2012
2011 Simulating the impacts of disturbances on forest carbon cycling in North America: Processes, data, models, and challengesJournal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences.  116. 2011
2011 Assessing net ecosystem carbon exchange of U.S. terrestrial ecosystems by integrating eddy covariance flux measurements and satellite observationsAgricultural and Forest Meteorology.  151:60-69. 2011
2011 Combining tower mixing ratio and community model data to estimate regional-scale net ecosystem carbon exchange by boundary layer inversion over four flux towers in the United StatesJournal of Geophysical Research.  116. 2011
2011 Upscaling carbon fluxes from towers to the regional scale: Influence of parameter variability and land cover representation on regional flux estimatesJournal of Geophysical Research.  116. 2011
2011 Upscaling key ecosystem functions across the conterminous United States by a water-centric ecosystem modelJournal of Geophysical Research.  116. 2011
2010 Ecosystem carbon dioxide fluxes after disturbance in forests of North AmericaJournal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences.  115. 2010
2010 Carbon dynamics of terrestrial ecosystems on the Tibetan Plateau during the 20th century: an analysis with a process‐based biogeochemical modelGlobal Ecology and Biogeography.  19:649-662. 2010
2010 A continuous measure of gross primary production for the conterminous United States derived from MODIS and AmeriFlux dataRemote Sensing of Environment: an interdisciplinary journal.  114:576-591. 2010
2009 Twentieth-Century Droughts and Their Impacts on Terrestrial Carbon Cycling in ChinaEarth Interactions.  13:1-31. 2009
2009 Quantification of net primary production of Chinese forest ecosystems with spatial statistical approachesMitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change.  14:85-99. 2009
2008 Estimation of net ecosystem carbon exchange for the conterminous United States by combining MODIS and AmeriFlux dataAgricultural and Forest Meteorology.  148:1827-1847. 2008
2008 Empirical Evidence for Impacts of Internal Migration on Vegetation Dynamics in China from 1982 to 2000.Diversity.  8:5069-5080. 2008
2007 Drought effects on large fire activity in Canadian and Alaskan forestsEnvironmental Research Letters.  2:044003-044003. 2007
2005 A comparison of methods for estimating fractional green vegetation cover within a desert-to-upland transition zone in central New Mexico, USARemote Sensing of Environment: an interdisciplinary journal.  98:237-250. 2005
2005 Geographical distribution of global greening trends and their climatic correlates: 1982–1998International Journal of Remote Sensing.  26:2371-2390. 2005
2004 Trends in vegetation activity and their climatic correlates: China 1982 to 1998International Journal of Remote Sensing.  25:5669-5689. 2004
2004 Photosynthetic activity of US biomes: responses to the spatial variability and seasonality of precipitation and temperatureGlobal Change Biology.  10:437-451. 2004
2003 A detail-preserving and flexible adaptive filter for speckle suppression in SAR imageryInternational Journal of Remote Sensing.  24:2451-2465. 2003


Year Title
2014 Carbon fluxes and storage in forests and landscapes.  139-166. 2014

Principal Investigator On

  • Collaborative Research: MRA: Constraining the continental-scale terrestrial carbon cycle using NEON  awarded by National Science Foundation (NSF) 2020 - 2024
  • Eyes from the sky: Synthesizing remote sensing products for quantifying key ecosystem functions of Southern Experimental Forests and Ranges (ERP) during 2000-2020  awarded by US DA, United States Forest Service 2021 - 2023
  • Exploring the Effects of Water Stress on Plant Carbon Uptake with Existing and New Products from EC  awarded by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) 2019 - 2022
  • Ecosystem Carbon Indicators for the US National Climate Assessment  awarded by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) 2016 - 2021
  • Exploring the Interactions Between Carbon Cycling, Land Use and Climate Change Within Mixed Agricultural, Forested, Suburban, and Urban Landscapes  awarded by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) 2014 - 2019
  • Assessing Ecosystem Carbon Dynamics over North America by Integrating Eddy Covariance, MODIS, and New Ecological Data through Upscaling and Model-data Synthesis  awarded by National Science Foundation (NSF) 2011 - 2016
  • Using NASA Remote Sensing and Models to Advance Integrated Assessments of Coupled Human-Forest Dynamics for North America  awarded by University of Maryland 2010 - 2014
  • Providing Scientific and Technical Guidance to the Development and Evaluation of the Integrated Flux Pilot Product: Forcing Evaluation, Parameter Optimization, Uncertainty Assessment and Product Validation  awarded by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) 2011 - 2012
  • Coupling Carbon, Water and Nutrient Cycles with Data Assimilation and Multiple Constraints  awarded by Pennsylvania State University 2009 - 2011
  • Education And Training

    Full Name

  • Jingfeng Xiao