How does psychotherapy influence personality? A theoretical integration.

Academic Article


  • A given type of psychotherapy (e.g., psychodynamic) is associated with a set of specific change techniques (e.g., interpreting defenses, identifying relationship themes). Different change techniques can be conceived of as influencing different parts of personality (e.g., interpreting defense increases conscious awareness). An integrated model of personality is presented. Then, change techniques from different theoretical perspectives are assigned by judges to areas of personality the techniques are believed to influence. The results suggest that specific change techniques can be reliably sorted into the areas of personality. Thinking across theoretical perspectives leads to important new opportunities for assessment, therapy outcome research, and communication with patients concerning personality change.
  • Authors


    Publication Date

  • December 2004
  • Keywords

  • Awareness
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Defense Mechanisms
  • Humans
  • Models, Anatomic
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care
  • Personality Assessment
  • Personality Development
  • Professional-Patient Relations
  • Psychoanalytic Interpretation
  • Psychoanalytic Theory
  • Psychoanalytic Therapy
  • Psychology, Clinical
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 15470725
  • Start Page

  • 1291
  • End Page

  • 1315
  • Volume

  • 60
  • Issue

  • 12