Auditory information-integration category learning in young children and adults.

Academic Article


  • Adults outperform children on category learning that requires selective attention to individual dimensions (rule-based categories) due to their more highly developed working memory abilities, but much less is known about developmental differences in learning categories that require integration across multiple dimensions (information-integration categories). The current study investigated auditory information-integration category learning in 5- to 7-year-old children (n = 34) and 18- to 25-year-old adults (n = 35). Adults generally outperformed children during learning. However, some children learned the categories well and used strategies similar to those of adults, as assessed through decision-bound computational models. The results demonstrate that information-integration learning ability continues to develop throughout at least middle childhood. These results have implications for the development of mechanisms that contribute to speech category learning.
  • Authors

  • Roark, Casey
  • Holt, Lori L
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • December 2019
  • Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Attention
  • Audition
  • Categorization
  • Category learning
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Concept Formation
  • Development
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Information integration
  • Intelligence
  • Learning
  • Male
  • Memory, Short-Term
  • Perception
  • Young Adult
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 104673
  • Volume

  • 188