When multiracial individuals are the numerical majority: Children's racial attitudes in the Dominican Republic.

Academic Article


  • The Dominican Republic is a uniquely valuable context in which to study children's racial stereotyping and prejudice, in part because multiracial individuals comprise the majority of the population and race is viewed largely as a continuous rather than dichotomous construct. In two studies, we use developmental and social theories to ground an exploration of Dominican children's racial biases. In studies 1 (n = 54; ages 6-11) and 2 (n = 122; ages 6-11), children were given measures of racial identity, preference, stereotyping, and/or status. As expected, children identified their own race in a manner consistent with others (e.g., their teachers). Across a variety of tasks, children failed to consistently favor members of a specific racial group-as indicated by differing levels of racial stereotyping and associations of social status with different races. They did, however, sometimes systematically express greater liking of individuals of mixed racial heritage, a finding that was contingent on the modality of assessment (i.e., whether race was framed as a continuous vs. dichotomous category, and measured via nonforced vs. forced-choice methods). Implications for current theories of racial attitude development are discussed. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).
  • Authors

  • Reyes-Jaquez, Bolivar (Boli)
  • Escala, Miguel J
  • Bigler, Rebecca S
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • May 2021
  • Published In


  • Attitude
  • Child
  • Dominican Republic
  • Humans
  • Racial Groups
  • Racism
  • Social Identification
  • Stereotyping
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 34166013
  • Start Page

  • 662
  • End Page

  • 677
  • Volume

  • 57
  • Issue

  • 5