Integrated photoelasticity in a soft material: phase retardation, azimuthal angle and stress-optic coefficient

Academic Article


  • Integrated photoelasticity is investigated for a soft material subjected to a three-dimensional stress state. In the experiment, a solid sphere is pressed against a gelatin gel (Young's modulus is about 4.2 kPa) that deforms up to 4.5 mm depending on the loading forces. The resulting photoelastic parameters (phase retardation, azimuthal angle, and stress-optic coefficient) in the gel are measured using a polarization camera. The measured retardation and azimuth are compared with the analytical prediction based on Hertzian contact theory. Remarkably, experimental and analytical results of the photoelastic parameters show a reasonable agreement not only in the retardation but also in the azimuth that is related to the direction of principal stresses and but rarely validated in previous studies, is essential for reconstructing three-dimensional stress fields in soft materials. The stress-optic coefficient of the gelatin gel used is 3.12$\times10^{-8}$ 1/Pa. Such findings proved that integrated photoelasticity is useful for measuring the three-dimensional stress field in soft materials, which is of importance in biomedical engineering and cell printing applications.
  • Authors

  • Yokoyama, Yuto
  • Mitchell, Benjamin R
  • Nassiri, Ali
  • Kinsey, Brad
  • Korkolis, Yannis P
  • Tagawa, Yoshiyuki
  • Publication Date

  • July 8, 2022
  • Keywords

  • cond-mat.soft
  • physics.optics