Plasticity and Formability of Annealed, Commercially-Pure Aluminum: Experiments and Modeling.

Academic Article


  • The plasticity and formability of a commercially-pure aluminum sheet (AA1100-O) is assessed by experiments and analyses. Plastic anisotropy of this material is characterized by uniaxial and plane-strain tension along with disk compression experiments, and is found to be non-negligible (e.g., the r-values vary between 0.445 and 1.18). On the other hand, the strain-rate sensitivity of the material is negligible at quasistatic rates. These results are used to calibrate constitutive models, i.e., the Yld2000-2d anisotropic yield criterion as the plastic potential and the Voce isotropic hardening law. Marciniak-type experiments on a fully-instrumented hydraulic press are performed to determine the Forming Limit Curve of this material. Stereo-type Digital Image Correlation is used, which confirms the proportional strain paths induced during stretching. From these experiments, limit strains, i.e., the onset of necking, are determined by the method proposed by ISO, as well as two methods based on the second derivative. To identify the exact instant of necking, a criterion based on a statistical analysis of the noise that the strain signals have during uniform deformation versus the systematic deviations that necking induces is proposed. Finite element simulation for the Marciniak-type experiment is conducted and the results show good agreement with the experiment.
  • Authors

  • Ha, Jinjin
  • Fones, Johnathon
  • Kinsey, Brad
  • Korkolis, Yannis P
  • Publication Date

  • September 25, 2020
  • Published In

  • Materials  Journal
  • Keywords

  • aluminum
  • digital image correlation
  • finite element analysis
  • formability
  • forming limit diagram
  • hardening curve
  • plastic anisotropy
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • E4285
  • Volume

  • 13
  • Issue

  • 19