A study of omega bands and Ps6 pulsations on the ground, at low altitude and at geostationary orbit

Academic Article


  • We investigate the electrodynamic coupling between auroral omega bands and the inner magnetosphere. The goal of this study is to determine the features to which omega bands map in the magnetosphere. To establish the auroral‐magnetosphere connection, we appeal to the case study analysis of the data rich event of September 26, 1989. At 6 magnetic local time (MLT), two trains of Ps6 pulsations (ground magnetic signatures of omega bands) were observed to drift over the Canadian Auroral Network For the OPEN Program Unified Study (CANOPUS) chain. At the same time periodic ionospheric flow patterns moved through the collocated Bistatic Auroral Radar System (BARS) field of view. Similar coincident magnetic variations were observed by GOES 6, GOES 7 and SCATHA, all of which had magnetic foot points near the CANOPUS/BARS stations. SCATHA, which was located at 6 MLT, 0.5 RE earthward of GOES 7 observed the 10 min period pulsations, whereas GOES 7 did not. In addition, DMSP F6 and F8 were over‐flying the region and observed characteristic precipitation and flow signatures. From this fortunate constellation of ground and space observations, we conclude that auroral omega bands are the electrodynamic signature of a corrugated current sheet (or some similar spatially localized magnetic structure) in the near‐Earth geostationary magnetosphere.
  • Authors

  • Jorgensen, AM
  • Spence, Harlan
  • Hughes, TJ
  • McDiarmid, D
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • July 1, 1999
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 14705
  • End Page

  • 14715
  • Volume

  • 104
  • Issue

  • A7