Polar CEPPAD/IPS energetic neutral atom (ENA) images of a substorm injection

Academic Article


  • The CEPPAD Imaging Proton Spectrometer on the POLAR spacecraft has proven to perform very well as an Energetic Neutral (ENA) atom imager, despite the fact that it was designed primarily for measuring energetic ions in-situ. ENAs emitted from the ring current can be detected during storm- as well as quiet-time conditions and can be monitored continuously for many hours at a time when Polar is situated in the polar cap. In addition, we are able to routinely detect ‘bursts’ of ENA emissions in response to substorm-associated ion injections. In this paper, we present ENA images of a single such event together with global auroral imager data from the POLAR VIS instrument. LANL geosynchronous energetic particle data, and ground magnetic Pi2 data in order to establish that such bursts are indeed caused by substorm injections.
  • Authors

  • Henderson, MG
  • Reeves, GD
  • Jorgensen, AM
  • Spence, Harlan
  • Frank, LA
  • Sigwarth, JB
  • Fennell, JF
  • Roeder, JL
  • Blake, JB
  • Yumoto, K
  • Bourdarie, S
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • 2000
  • Has Subject Area

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 2407
  • End Page

  • 2416
  • Volume

  • 25
  • Issue

  • 12