[Plasma 2020 Decadal] The essential role of multi-point measurements in turbulence investigations: the solar wind beyond single scale and beyond the Taylor Hypothesis

Academic Article

Abstract

  • This paper briefly reviews a number of fundamental measurements that need to be made in order to characterize turbulence in space plasmas such as the solar wind. It has long been known that many of these quantities require simultaneous multipoint measurements to attain a proper characterization that would reveal the fundamental physics of plasma turbulence. The solar wind is an ideal plasma for such an investigation, and it now appears to be technologically feasible to carry out such an investigation, following the pioneering Cluster and MMS missions. Quantities that need to be measured using multipoint measurements include the two-point, two-time second correlation function of velocity, magnetic field and density, and higher order statistical objects such as third and fourth order structure functions. Some details of these requirements are given here, with a eye towards achieving closure on fundamental questions regarding the cascade rate, spectral anisotropy, characteristic coherent structures, intermittency, and dissipation mechanisms that describe plasma turbuelence, as well as its variability with plasma parameters in the solar wind. The motivation for this discussion is the current planning for a proposed Helioswarm mission that would be designed to make these measurements,leading to breakthrough understanding of the physics of space and astrophysical turbulence.
  • Authors

  • Matthaeus, WH
  • Bandyopadhyay, R
  • Brown, MR
  • Borovsky, J
  • Carbone, V
  • Caprioli, D
  • Chasapis, A
  • Chhiber, R
  • Dasso, S
  • Dmitruk, P
  • Zanna, L Del
  • Dmitruk, PA
  • Franci, Luca
  • Gary, SP
  • Goldstein, ML
  • Gomez, D
  • Greco, A
  • Horbury, TS
  • Ji, Hantao
  • Kasper, JC
  • Klein, KG
  • Landi, S
  • Li, Hui
  • Malara, F
  • Maruca, BA
  • Mininni, P
  • Oughton, Sean
  • Papini, E
  • Parashar, TN
  • Petrosyan, Arakel
  • Pouquet, Annick
  • Retino, A
  • Roberts, Owen
  • Ruffolo, David
  • Servidio, Sergio
  • Spence, Harlan
  • Smith, CW
  • Stawarz, JE
  • TenBarge, Jason
  • Vasquez1, BJ
  • Vaivads, Andris
  • Valentini, F
  • Velli, Marco
  • Verdini, A
  • Verscharen, Daniel
  • Whittlesey, Phyllis
  • Wicks, Robert
  • Bruno, R
  • Zimbardo, G
  • Keywords

  • astro-ph.SR
  • physics.space-ph