Systematic Evaluation of Low-Frequency Hiss and Energetic Electron Injections

Academic Article


  • AbstractThe excitation of low‐frequency (LF) plasmaspheric hiss, over the frequency range from 20 Hz to 100 Hz, is systematically investigated by comparing the hiss wave properties with electron injections at energies from tens of keV to several hundreds of keV. Both particle and wave data from the Van Allen Probes during the period from September 2012 to June 2016 are used in the present study. Our results demonstrate that the intensity of LF hiss has a clear day‐night asymmetry, and increases with increasing geomagnetic activity, similar to the behavior of normal hiss (approximately hundred of hertz to several kilohertz). The occurrence rate of LF hiss in association with electron injections is up to 80% in the outer plasmasphere (L > 4) on the dayside, and the strong correlation extends to lower L shells for more active times. In contrast, at lower L shells (L < 3.5), LF hiss is seldom associated with electron injections. The LF hiss with Poynting flux directed away from the equator is dominant at higher magnetic latitudes and higher L shells, suggesting a local amplification of LF hiss in the outer plasmasphere. The averaged electron fluxes are larger at higher L shells, where significant LF hiss wave events are observed. Our study suggests the importance of electron injections and their drift trajectories toward the dayside plasmasphere in locally amplifying the LF hiss waves detected by the Van Allen Probes.
  • Authors

  • Shi, Run
  • Li, Wen
  • Ma, Qianli
  • Reeves, GD
  • Kletzing, CA
  • Kurth, WS
  • Hospodarsky, GB
  • Spence, Harlan
  • Blake, JB
  • Fennell, JF
  • Claudepierre, SG
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • October 2017
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 10263
  • End Page

  • 10274
  • Volume

  • 122
  • Issue

  • 10