Based on the recently implicated role of Shc as a signaling effector for type I cytokine receptors, factors which mediate the recruitment and phosphorylation of Shc in the erythropoietin receptor (EPOR) system have been studied. FDC-P1 cells stably expressing the wild type murine EPOR supported the EPO-induced association of Shc with Jak2 and its rapid tyrosine phosphorylation. However, this did not depend upon the presence of phosphotyrosine sites within the EPOR and was mediated by a mitogenically deficient receptor form (EPOR329) lacking cytoplasmic tyrosine residues. This was shown both by Western blotting of Shc and Jak2 co-immunoprecipitates and through the development of an in vitro assay for cytokine-induced Shc phosphorylation. The direct association of Shc with Jak2 also was observed and was shown to depend upon EPO-exposure and the SH2 subdomain of Shc. Together, these studies indicate that Jak2, in part, may mediate the EPO-induced phosphorylation of Shc.