Relativistic electron response to the combined magnetospheric impact of a coronal mass ejection overlapping with a high-speed stream: Van Allen Probes observations

Academic Article


  • AbstractDuring early November 2013, the magnetosphere experienced concurrent driving by a coronal mass ejection (CME) during an ongoing high‐speed stream (HSS) event. The relativistic electron response to these two kinds of drivers, i.e., HSS and CME, is typically different, with the former often leading to a slower buildup of electrons at larger radial distances, while the latter energizing electrons rapidly with flux enhancements occurring closer to the Earth. We present a detailed analysis of the relativistic electron response including radial profiles of phase space density as observed by both Magnetic Electron and Ion Sensor (MagEIS) and Relativistic Electron Proton Telescope instruments on the Van Allen Probes mission. Data from the MagEIS instrument establish the behavior of lower energy (<1 MeV) electrons which span both intermediary and seed populations during electron energization. Measurements characterizing the plasma waves and magnetospheric electric and magnetic fields during this period are obtained by the Electric and Magnetic Field Instrument Suite and Integrated Science instrument on board Van Allen Probes, Search Coil Magnetometer and Flux Gate Magnetometer instruments on board Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms, and the low‐altitude Polar‐orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites. These observations suggest that during this time period, both radial transport and local in situ processes are involved in the energization of electrons. The energization attributable to radial diffusion is most clearly evident for the lower energy (<1 MeV) electrons, while the effects of in situ energization by interaction of chorus waves are prominent in the higher‐energy electrons.
  • Authors

  • Kanekal, SG
  • Baker, DN
  • Henderson, MG
  • Li, W
  • Fennell, JF
  • Zheng, Y
  • Richardson, IG
  • Jones, A
  • Ali, AF
  • Elkington, SR
  • Jaynes, A
  • Li, X
  • Blake, JB
  • Reeves, GD
  • Spence, Harlan
  • Kletzing, CA
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • September 2015
  • Published In


  • CME
  • HSS
  • IP shock
  • relativistic electrons
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 7629
  • End Page

  • 7641
  • Volume

  • 120
  • Issue

  • 9