Research Areas research areas


Academic Article

Year Title
2019 Armed and Dangerous –– Teachers? A Policy Response to Security In Our Public Schools.Brigham Young University Education and Law Journal.  2019:63-93. 2019
2018 Case Commentary: Doe v. Baum: The Sixth Circuit Reiterates that Students Accused of Sexual Assault Are Constitutionally Entitled to Confront Their Accusers at University Title IX Disciplinary Hearings.School Law Reporter, Education Law Association.  60:189-191. 2018
2018 Doe v. Baum: The Sixth Circuit Reiterates that Students Accused of Sexual Assault Are Constitutionally Entitled to Confront Their Accusers at University Title IX Disciplinary Hearings.School Law Reporter.  60. 2018
2018 LGBTQ Student Organizations and the Equal Access Act: Betsy DeVos Has No Power to Restrict the Protection of the EAA.Berkley Center for Religion, Peace & World Affairs, Georgetown University (Invited).2018
2018 Commentary “Doe v. University of Cincinnati: A College Student Accused of Sexual Assault Has a Right to Confront His Accuser at a University Disciplinary Hearing.”Teachers College Record2018
2018 Teachers’ Careers Up in Smoke and Viral: Off-Duty Conduct in Modern TimesEducation Law Reporter.  355:633-640. 2018
2018 The battle over the Confederate flag in our schools: Heritage or Oppression?Education Law Reporter.  352:937-960. 2018
2017 "Stupid but Constitutional": Courts Continue to Limit Teacher's Curricular-Related SpeechEducation Law Reporter.  342:880. 2017
2017 Do Not Attempt Resuscitation Orders in Our Schools: The Unthinkable Ethical Dilemma for EducatorsRutgers JL & Pub. Pol'y.  14:287-287. 2017
2017 Don’t tax the kids: Supporting preschool education through property tax exemptionsUniversity of Florida Journal of Law & Public Policy.  28:475-475. 2017
2017 Guns, Grizzlies, and Fences: Security Responses In Our SchoolsEducation Law Reporter.  342:1. 2017
2016 Caveat Emptor? The University Syllabus and the Marketplace of IdeasEducation Law Reporter.  336. 2016
2016 Does a Student Have a Constitutional Right to Criticize Lesbianism in a University Film Course? A Federal Court Says Yes.Teachers College Record2016
2016 G.G. v. Glouster County School Board: The Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals Upholds the U.S. Department of Education’s Transgender Restroom Policy.”Teachers College Record2016
2016 Vergara v. State of California: The End of Teacher Tenure or a Flawed RulingS. Cal. Interdisc. LJ.  25:589. 2016
2016 When a parent directs a child not be resuscitated, what should educators do?The Conversation2016
2016 Zero Tolerance, Threats of Harm, and the Imaginary Gun:" Good Intentions Run AmuckBrigham Young University Education and Law Journal.  16. 2016
2015 Does wearing a school uniform improve student behavior?The Conversation2015
2015 Frudden v. Pilling: The School Uniform and Compelled SpeechWest's Education Law Reporter.  312:1. 2015
2015 Student off-campus behavior: Extracurricular Activities and the status of exemplarWest's Education Law Reporter.  319:609. 2015
2014 Logo and Words on School Uniforms Raise Free Speech Questions, Federal Appeals Court RulesPractical Education Law Team: Education in an Instant2014
2014 It’s Her Fault”: An Illinois School Board Fires a Guidance Counselor for Self-Pubishing a Sexuall Explicit Advice Book on Adult RelationsTeaches College Record2014
2014 Litigation and Organization: Educational Rights in a Deliberative Democracy. A Book Review of Realizing Educational Rights: Advancing School Reform through Courts and CommunitiesDemocracy and Education.  22:11. 2014
2014 Locked Down and Armed: Security Responses to Violence in Our SchoolsConnecticut Public Interest Law Journal.  13:275-299. 2014
2014 Teacher evaluation. Principal perceptions of the barriers to dismissal: Research, policy, and practice.Education Law & Policy Review.  1:172-192. 2014
2014 Title IX’s “Deliberate Indifference” standard for determining liability under Title IX when students are sexually abused by school employees: A trust betrayedWest's Education Law Reporter.  299:811. 2014
2013 Arbitration litigation concerning teacher discipline for misuse of technology: A preliminary assessmentWest's Education Law Reporter.  296:22. 2013
2013 School Counselor Training with LGBTQ Clients: A Constitutional ConflictJournal of LGBT Issues in Counseling.  7:44-64. 2013
2013 University Curriculum and the Constitution: Personal Beliefs and Professional Ethics in Graduate SchoolJC & UL.  39:303. 2013
2012 A "Law Too Far"? The Wisconsin Budget Repair Act: PointEducation Law Reporter.  275:1-15. 2012
2012 A Parent's Child and the State's Future Citizen: Judicial and Legislative Responses to the Tension over the Right to Direct an EducationS. Cal. Interdisc. LJ.  22:591. 2012
2012 Teacher effectiveness and value-added modeling: Building a pathway to educational malpracticeBYU Educ. & LJ.  257. 2012
2011 Bullying and the Conundrum of Free Speech in the United StatesEducation and Law Journal.  20:191. 2011
2011 Canine drug searches: A law & policy discussionEducation Law Reporter.  269:435-441. 2011
2011 Counterpoint: Immorality, teacher private conduct, and adverse notoriety: A needed recalculation of nexus?Journal of Law and Education.  40:327-339. 2011
2011 Immorality, Teacher Private Conduct, and Adverse Notoriety: A Needed Recalculation of NexusJL & Educ..  40:327. 2011
2011 Sexual orientation, higher education and the First Amendment: Several courts consider whether public universities must accept groups or individuals who oppose homosexual conduct.Education Law Reporter.  267:425-445. 2011
2011 Student Victims or Student Criminals-The Bookends of Sexting in a Cyber WorldCardozo Pub. L. Pol'y & Ethics J..  10:1. 2011
2011 The Right to Be Out: Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in America's Public SchoolsJournal of Law and Education.  40:725. 2011
2010 Anti-gay T-shirt litigation in the Seventh and Ninth Circuits: A conflict of outcomes, but shared valuesEducation Law Reporter.  254. 2010
2010 School uniforms in the public schools: Symbol or substance? A law & policy analysis.Education Law Reporter.  250. 2010
2010 Sexual orientation and the college campusEducation Law Reporter.  254. 2010
2009 Assessment, accountability and malpracticeThe New Hampshire Journal of Education.  12:39-44. 2009
2009 Sexual orientation and the public school teacherBU Pub. Int. LJ.  19:65. 2009
2008 . Do not resuscitate orders in public schools: A conundrum of duty, ethics, and policyEducation Law Reporter.  235. 2008
2008 Academic freedom in the public K-12 classroom: Professional responsibility or constitutional right. A conversation with teachers. 227 Education Law Reporter 505 (2008).Education Law Reporter.  227. 2008
2008 In loco parentisEncyclopedia of Education Law.  462-463. 2008
2008 Student speech: School boards, gay/straight alliances, and the Equal Access ActBYU Educ. & LJ.  89. 2008
2008 To test or not to test? Drug testing teachers: The view of the superintendentTeachers College Record.  110:1207-1240. 2008
2007 A Crack in the Educational Malpractice Wall.School Administrator.  64:34-36. 2007
2007 Academic freedom and the public school teacher: An exploratory study of perceptions, policy, and the lawBYU Educ. & LJ.  83. 2007
2007 Teacher as Union Member and Teacher as Professional: The Voice of the TeacherEducation Law Reporter.  220. 2007
2007 The inadequacy of legal protections for the sexual abuse of students; A Two-Track system.Education Law Reporter.  215. 2007
2007 Zero tolerance and the paradox of fairness: Viewpoints from the classroomJL & Educ..  36:211. 2007
2006 Harper v. Poway Unified School District: Schools can ban demeaning speech toward vulnerable students without offending the First AmendmentEducation Law Reporter.  211. 2006
2006 Student drug testing policies: The superintendent and the courtsEducation Law Reporter.  206. 2006
2006 Teachers: Their union and their profession. A tangled relationshipEducation Law Reporter.  212. 2006
2005 Harry Potter and the public school libraryPhi Delta Kappan.  87:159-165. 2005
2005 A duty owed: Tort liability and the perceptions of public school principalsWest's Education Law Reporter.  201:1-194. 2005
2005 Harry Potter Versus Muggles: Literary Criticism and Legal Challenge.International Journal of Educational Reform.  14:2-16. 2005
2004 Employment, the law, and the community college: A primerEducation Law Reporter.  192. 2004
2003 Harry Potter, wizards, and muggles. The First Amendment and the reading curriculumEducation Law Reporter.  173. 2003
2003 Policy responses to violence in our schools: An exploration of security as a fundamental valueBYU Educ. & LJ.  459. 2003
2003 Statutes and standards: has the door to educational malpractice been openedBYU Educ. & LJ.  485. 2003
2002 A New Balance of In-Class Speech: No Longer Just a MouthpieceJL & Educ..  31:473. 2002
2002 Academic freedom—Whose rights: The professor’s or the university’s?Education Law Reporter.  168. 2002
2002 The duty to protect: Blackstone's doctrine of in loco parentis: A lens for viewing the sexual abuse of studentsBYU Educ. & LJ.  17. 2002
2001 Challenging the Boundaries: Bobby's Appropriate Education-An Email ExchangeInternational Journal of Educational Reform.  10:356-367. 2001
2001 School uniforms and the Constitution: Common dress in an uncommon timeEducation Law Reporter.  156. 2001
2001 The educator and tort liability: An inservice outline of a duty owedEducation Law Reporter.  154. 2001
2000 Dress codes in the public schools: Principals, policies, and preceptsJL & Educ..  29:31. 2000
2000 Educating America: The Nineteenth-Century Common School Promise in the Twentieth Century, A Personal Essay.International Journal of Educational Reform.  9:79-86. 2000
2000 Financing public education through state lotteries: Leaving funding to chanceSchool Business Affairs.  66:32-36. 2000
2000 Peer sexual harassment: More than teasing. Davis v. Monroe County Board of EducationInternational Journal of Educational Reform.  9:180-85. 2000
2000 Teacher Bilingual Instruction and Educational Malpractice: California Teachers Association v. Davis.International Journal of Educational Reform.  9:272-78. 2000
1999 Affirmative action and the model minority in higher education admissions: A conundrum for Asian Americans.Education Law Reporter.  131. 1999
1999 Educational reform on the bargaining table: Impact, security, and tradeoffsEducation Law Reporter.  134. 1999
1999 Medical Services under the IDEA: A Bright Line Test," Cedar Rapids Community School District v. Garret F.".International Journal of Educational Reform.  8:312-18. 1999
1999 Pants and Hats: Dress Codes and Expressive Conduct as SpeechInternational Journal of Educational Reform.  8:413-418. 1999
1999 School Finance Reform in the" Live Free or Die" State: Personal, Legal, and Policy Responses to" Claremont School District v. Governor.".International Journal of Educational Reform.  8:89-98. 1999
1999 School finance reform: The carousel reformSchool Business Affairs.  65. 1999
1999 The Confederate Flag and the First Amendment: A Symbol of Pride of Oppression?" West v. Derby Unified School District# 260.".International Journal of Educational Reform.  8:180-85. 1999
1998 A Primer on Section 504: An Inservice for Educators.International Journal of Educational Reform.  7:189-94. 1998
1998 A reinvented union: A concern for teaching, not just teachersJournal of Personnel Evaluation in Education Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability.  11:255-268. 1998
1998 Race, a Relevant Factor? Our Fractured View of Affirmative Action:" Piscataway Township Board of Education v. Taxman.".International Journal of Educational Reform.  7:72-79. 1998
1998 Sexual Abuse of Students: Actual Notice and Deliberate Indifference. The Supreme Court's Title IX Standard for School District LiabilityInternational Journal of Educational Reform.  7:372-379. 1998
1998 Title IX liability for school districts when employees sexually assault children: A law and policy analysisEducation Law Reporter.  124. 1998
1998 Tort Liability in the Classroom, the Science Lab, and on the Playground.International Journal of Educational Reform.  7:281-88. 1998
1997 " The Right to Direct the Upbringing of a Child." Parent as Sovereign and the State as Educator: A Balance of Vital InterestsIJER Vol 6-N3.  368. 1997
1997 A Symbolic Union? Public Instruction in the Private School.International Journal of Educational Reform.  6:482-89. 1997
1997 Litigating school dress codesEducation Week.  8. 1997
1997 Mandatory drug testing of student athletes: A policy response to Vernonia School District, 47J v. ActonJournal of School Leadership.  7:50-68. 1997
1997 Security inside the schoolhouse gate: An emerging fundamental value in educational policy making.Education Law Reporter.  120. 1997
1997 Should Schools Escape Liability for Sexual Abuse? A Discussion of Respondeat Superior and Special Relationships: Protection for Adults and the Schoolchild's LamentInternational Journal of Educational Reform.  6:239-247. 1997
1997 Teacher Conduct Outside the Schoolhouse Gate: Exemplar or Nexus?International Journal of Educational Reform.  6:91-96. 1997
1997 The Legal Confines of School Reform.School Administrator.  54:28-31. 1997
1997 Where to Educate Rachel Holland?: Does Least Restrictive Environment Mean No Restrictions?The Clearing House.  70:161-166. 1997
1996 Collective bargaining and its impact on local educational reform effortsEducational Policy.  10:366-378. 1996
1996 At the Margin of Academic Freedom and Sexual Harassment: An Analysis ofWest's Education Law Quarterly.  5:716-35. 1996
1996 Let the master answer: Holding schools vicariously liable when employees sexually abuse childrenJL & Educ..  25:575. 1996
1996 Must Collective Bargaining Be Reformed in an Era of Reform?International Journal of Educational Reform.  5:78-85. 1996
1996 Speech and Religion at the Margin." Rosenberger v. University of Virginia.".International Journal of Educational Reform.  5:229-36. 1996
1996 Student-to-Student Sexual Harassment and Title IX: A Conflict in the Federal CourtsInternational Journal of Educational Reform.  5:496-504. 1996
1996 Tinkering Toward Utopia, or Dystopia? A Philosophical/Policy Perspective on Educational ReformInternational Journal of Educational Reform.  5:356-366. 1996
1995 The Superintendent, the School Board, and Free Speech: A Question of LoyaltyThe Clearing House.  68:367-371. 1995
1995 The Fourth Amendment and Student Drug Testing Policies: A Split Decision in the Federal CourtsInternational Journal of Educational Reform.  4:362-368. 1995
1995 A Question of LoyaltyThe Clearing House1995
1995 Competence, documentation, and dismissal: A legal templateInternational Journal of Educational Reform.  4:88-95. 1995
1995 Student drug testing policies: the Supreme Court decides. part twoInternational Journal of Educational Reform.  4:488-495. 1995
1994 A hostile environment: Sexual harassment’s evolving standard.International Journal of Educational Reform.  3:220-225. 1994
1994 Hate speech on campus: “Triggers of action” or “keys of persuasion”?International Journal of Educational Reform.  3:89-95. 1994
1994 Security: An Emerging Fundamental Value in Educational Policy Making?.International Journal of Educational Reform.  3:348-53. 1994
1994 Witches, cauldrons, and “wicca” in the public-school curriculum: Is government establishing a religion? The courts think not.International Journal of Educational Reform.  3:474-480. 1994
1993 A “special relationship” and sexual molestation in our public schools.International Journal of Educational Reform.  2:438-442. 1993
1993 Collective bargaining, professionalism, and restructuringInternational Journal of Educational Reform.  2:77-81. 1993
1993 Private Lives: Community Control vs. Professional Autonomy.West's Education Law Quarterly.  2:217-26. 1993
1993 School district liability for negligent hiringInternational Journal of Educational Reform.  2:180-184. 1993
1992 " Miles v. Denver Public Schools": Teacher Autonomy, an Endangered Concept?.International Journal of Educational Reform.  1:298-302. 1992
1992 Fumarolo and Chicago school reformInternational Journal of Educational Reform.  1:69-72. 1992
1992 Fumarolo and the Chicago school reform'The International Journal of Educational Reform.  1:69-72. 1992
1992 Miles v. Denver Public Schools: Teacher autonomy, an endangered concept?International Journal of Educational Reform.  1:298-302. 1992
1992 Search, seizure, and student drug testingSchool Law Journal.  14-21. 1992
1992 Tennessee Educational Improvement Act: A beginning discussion.International Journal of Educational Reform.  1:412-418. 1992
1992 The legal challenges of restructuringInternational Journal of Educational Reform.  1:171-174. 1992
1991 Invocations and the Establishment Clause: The Use of Different LensesThe Clearing House.  65:118-122. 1991
1991 Censorship and the public school library: A bicoastal view. Journal of Research for School ExecutivesJournal of Research for School Executives.  1. 1991
1990 Negligent HiringThe Clearing House.  64:8-10. 1990
1990 Tort liability: A primer for prudent principalsPrincipal.  69:44-46. 1990
1985 Academic freedom: A balanced perspectiveTHRUST-FOR EDUCATIONAL LEADERSHIP.  14:25-26. 1985
1984 Matters of morality: Back seat trysts are not school problemsThe Executive Educator.  7:23-24. 1984
1981 What, Exactly, Is Sexual Misconduct?.American School Board Journal.  168:33. 1981
1980 Judicial nonintervention in scholastic mattersCollege Student Journal.  14. 1980
1977 Team process identification: Notes from an administrator’s logTHRUST-FOR EDUCATIONAL LEADERSHIP.  6. 1977
Safety sensitive positions and the duty owed to students: From drugs to torts.Education Law Reporter.  217.


Year Title
2019 Removing Ineffective Educators Using an Effective and Fair Documentation System 2019
2018 Mapping Out the Terrain: Northeastern Principals” Perceptions of the Barriers and Facilitators to Implementing K-12 Competency-Based Education, 2018
2017 Confederate Symbols In Our Schools 2017
2015 School Uniforms in New Hampshire Public Schools: Hype or Hope?Policy Brief # 15-022015
2014 The School Uniform and Compelled Speech.Policy Brief #14-012014
2013 Teaching Interns, Professionalism, and the Challenges of Social MediaPolicy Brief #13-012013
2012 Amending the New Hampshire Constitution (CACR 12): Education Will No Longer Be Fundamental to the Citizens of New HampshirePolicy Brief #12-022012
2012 HB 542 and Parental Control: “Shredding” the Public School CurriculumPolicy Brief #12-012012
2011 Student outcomes, teacher effectiveness: Raising a cautionary flagUNH Policy Brief2011
2010 Canine Drug Searches of Student Possessions: Law and Policy.Policy Brief #10-012010
Student Internet Speech: Discipline and Free Speech, Finding the BalancePolicy Brief # 15-01


Year Title
2018 Educators at the Bargaining Table Successfully Negotiating a Contract That Works for All 2018
2015 The Challenges of Mandating School Uniforms in the Public Schools: Free Speech, Research, and Policy 2015
2014 Student Dress Codes and the First Amendment: Legal Challenges and Policy Issues 2014
2010 Labor Relations in Education: Policies, Politics, and Practices 2010
2007 Negligence: What Principals Need to Know About Avoiding Liability 2007
2007 Sexual Orientation, Public Schools, and the Law.  Ed. 77.  2007
1997 The Limits of Law-Based School Reform. Vain Hopes and False Promises. 1997
1994 Teacher Unions and TQE: Building Quality Labor Relations. 1994


Year Title
2015 The Changing Nature of Teachers’ Unions and Collective Bargaining.  471-485. 2015
2012 Should all public schools adopt dress code policies that focus on student safety? Counterpoint..  10-18. 2012
2012 Should schools have the authority to require students to wear uniforms? Counterpoint..  48-56. 2012
2008 Davis v. Monroe County Board of Education: Student-On-Student sexual harassment 2008
2005 Education reform.  312-313. 2005
2005 Tort liability.  183-207. 2005
2004 Employment issues in the community college.  29-39. 2004
2004 The law and student clothing.  51-73. 2004

Conference Proceeding

Year Title
“Courting Change: Legal Perspectives on Contemporary LGBT Issues.”

Teaching Activities

  • Admin Internship&Field Project Taught course 2019
  • Admin Internship&Field Project Taught course 2018
  • School Law Taught course 2018
  • Policy, Politics, & Planning Taught course 2018
  • Students, Teachers, & the Law Taught course 2018
  • Students, Teachers, & the Law Taught course 2018
  • Admin Internship&Field Project Taught course 2018
  • Collective Bargaining Pub Educ Taught course 2018
  • Students, Teachers, & the Law Taught course 2018
  • Students, Teachers, & the Law Taught course 2018
  • Admin Internship&Field Project Taught course 2017
  • Top/Fac & Higher Ed Law Taught course 2017
  • Policy, Politics, & Planning Taught course 2017
  • Policy, Politics, & Planning Taught course 2017
  • Top\Students & Higher Ed Law Taught course 2017
  • Admin Internship&Field Project Taught course 2017
  • Students, Teachers, & the Law Taught course 2017
  • Students, Teachers, & the Law Taught course 2017
  • Human Resources in Education Taught course 2017
  • School Law Taught course 2017
  • Admin Internship&Field Project Taught course 2016
  • Laws&Regulations Special Educ Taught course 2016
  • Collective Bargaining Pub Educ Taught course 2016
  • Students, Teachers, & the Law Taught course 2016
  • Students, Teachers, & the Law Taught course 2016
  • Admin Internship&Field Project Taught course 2016
  • Spc Top/Students Higher Ed Law Taught course 2015
  • Collective Bargaining Pub Educ Taught course 2015
  • Policy, Politics, & Planning Taught course 2015
  • Human Resources in Education Taught course 2015
  • Spc Top/Faculty&Higher Ed Law Taught course 2015
  • Laws&Regulations Special Educ Taught course 2015
  • School Law Taught course 2014
  • Students, Teachers, & the Law Taught course 2014
  • Students, Teachers, & the Law Taught course 2014
  • Policy, Politics, & Planning Taught course 2014
  • Collective Bargaining Pub Educ Taught course 2014
  • Education And Training

  • B.A. History, University of La Verne
  • Ed.D. Educational Admin.&Supervision, University of Southern California
  • M.A. Education, University of California - Davis
  • M.A.T. History, University of La Verne
  • Full Name

  • Todd DeMitchell
  • Mailing Address

  • University of New Hampshire


    62 College Road

    Durham, New Hampshire  03824

    United States