Disability and victimization in a national sample of children and youth.

Academic Article


  • Although past research has found higher rates of violence, crime, and abuse among children with disabilities, most studies combine diverse forms of disability into one measure and assess exposure to only one particular type of victimization. Based on a representative national sample of 4,046 children aged 2-17 from the 2008 National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence, the present study examines the associations between several different types of disability and past-year exposure to multiple forms of child victimization. Results suggest that attention-deficit disorder/attention-deficit with hyperactivity disorder elevates the risk for peer victimization and property crime, internalizing psychological disorders increase risk for both child maltreatment and sexual victimization, and developmental/learning disorders heighten risk only for property crime. In contrast, physical disability did not increase the risk for any type of victimization once confounding factors and co-occurring disabilities were controlled. It appears that disabilities associated with interpersonal and behavioral difficulties are most strongly associated with victimization risks.
  • Authors

  • Turner, Heather
  • Vanderminden, Jennifer
  • Finkelhor, David
  • Hamby, Sherry
  • Shattuck, Anne
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • November 2011
  • Published In

  • Child Maltreatment  Journal
  • Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
  • Child
  • Child Abuse
  • Child, Preschool
  • Comorbidity
  • Crime Victims
  • Disabled Children
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Internal-External Control
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Male
  • Peer Group
  • Risk Factors
  • Social Behavior
  • Social Environment
  • United States
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 22114182
  • Start Page

  • 275
  • End Page

  • 286
  • Volume

  • 16
  • Issue

  • 4