Predicting elements in white pine and red oak foliage with visible-near infrared reflectance spectroscopy

Academic Article


  • Near infrared (NIR) reflectance spectroscopy was evaluated for its effectiveness at predicting Al, Ca, Fe, K, Mg and Mn concentrations in white pine ( Pinus strobus L.) and red oak ( Quercus rubra L.) foliage. A NIR spectrophotometer was used to scan 470 dried, ground foliage samples. These samples were used to develop calibration equations using a modified partial least squares (MPLS) regression technique. For the calibration equations, concentrations of Al, Ca, Fe, K, Mg and Mn as determined by acid digestion and laboratory analysis were regressed against second-difference absorbance values measured from 400 to 2498 nm. The regression models developed by NIR reflectance spectroscopy were unable to predict Fe. Predictions were satisfactory for Al, Ca, K, Mn and Mg. It still is uncertain which mineral/organic associations are being detected by NIR reflectance spectroscopy. Future applications may include prediction of element concentrations in the forest canopy via remote sensing.
  • Authors

  • Hallett, RA
  • Hornbeck, JW
  • Martin, Mary
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • December 1, 1997
  • Has Subject Area

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 77
  • End Page

  • 82
  • Volume

  • 5
  • Issue

  • 2