A stand density index for complex mixed species forests in the northeastern United States

Academic Article


  • Quantifying stand density is important for accurate prediction of net biomass and carbon accumulation, for estimating growth and mortality risks of trees, stands, and regions, and for the management of forests for multiple goods and services. Building on previous work relating maximum stand density to wood specific gravity, we develop a stand density equation for the mixed species forests of the northeastern United States using data from the US Forest Service, Forest Inventory and Analysis program. We used quantile regression, in concert with a quantile selection and evaluation procedure, to ensure conformity between our density measure and previously developed guidance for well-studied stand types. The resulting strictly additive relative density measure appears to provide reasonable prediction of maximum density even for plantations of exotic conifers in the region. The results suggest that maximum stand densities after accounting for wood specific gravity may be lower in northeastern North America than in the south or west.
  • Authors

  • Ducey, Mark
  • Knapp, RACHELA
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • September 2010
  • Has Subject Area

    Published In


  • Competition
  • Density management
  • Relative density
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 1613
  • End Page

  • 1622
  • Volume

  • 260
  • Issue

  • 9