The role of striatum in initiation and execution of learned action sequences in rats.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • To understand the role of striatum in motor sequence learning, we trained rats to perform a series of tasks measuring speed and accuracy of responding to luminance cues presented as discriminative stimuli for single nose pokes or for sequences of nose pokes in a serial reaction time task. Habit (stimulus-response) learning was measured by comparing performances when stimuli were repeated (predictable) with when they were selected randomly (unpredictable). Sequences had defined start and end points and were limited to five nose pokes to minimize chunking. When sequences were repeated, response time (RT) increased for nose pokes initiating the sequence and decreased for nose pokes completing it. These effects developed incrementally across sessions, consistent with the time course of habit learning. Medial (mCPu), lateral, and complete (CPu) caudate-putamen lesions affected speed and accuracy of single nose poke responses, confirming the role of these areas in guiding responses with external sensory stimuli. None of these lesions affected the short-term increase in accuracy observed when single nose poke responses were repeated. Both mCPu and CPu lesions increased RTs for initiating sequential responses, effects that were exacerbated across sessions in which specific sequences were repeated. None of the lesions affected the gradual decrease in RT for nose pokes completing repeated sequences. Correlational analyses confirmed the relationship between the extent of dorsal striatal damage and the ability to respond to brief luminance cues and to initiate learned sequences. These results provide evidence implicating dorsal striatum in higher-level organizational aspects of learning reflected in planning that precedes the execution of learned action sequences.
  • Authors

  • Bailey, Kathleen R
  • Mair, Robert
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • January 18, 2006
  • Published In

    Keywords

  • Animals
  • Basal Ganglia
  • Conditioning, Operant
  • Corpus Striatum
  • Male
  • Rats
  • Rats, Long-Evans
  • Reaction Time
  • Serial Learning
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 1016
  • End Page

  • 1025
  • Volume

  • 26
  • Issue

  • 3