Monoamines and metabolites in cortex and subcortical structures: normal regional distribution and the effects of thiamine deficiency in the rat.

Academic Article


  • The present study measured the concentration of monoamines, metabolites and estimates of turnover rate in eighteen separate brain regions from controls and a rat model of Korsakoff's disease induced by a two week bout of pyrithiamine and thiamine deficient diet (PTD). A behaviorally tested control (n = 12) and PTD (n = 17) group, and a non-behaviorally tested PTD group (n = 8) were sacrificed 7 months after recovery from treatment. The brains were dissected into nine cortical areas and nine subcortical regions. In behaviorally tested PTD animals, a significant reduction of NE was observed in entorhinal cortex. Diminished norepinephrine (NE) concentration was also observed in entorhinal, hippocampal, septal and olfactory areas of the non-behaviorally tested PTD group. Serotonin and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) levels were increased in several brain areas, particularly midbrain-thalamus, striatum, of both groups of recovered PTD animals. These findings are discussed with respect to results and hypotheses presented in our previous study of this animal model. Significant differences in monoamine, metabolite and turnover estimates were also observed among cortical areas of the control animals. Entorhinal cortex contained the highest concentration of NE and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), while DA was highest in somatosensory cortex. The distribution of 5-HT and 5-HIAA were more homogeneous and displayed a rostral-caudal decline in concentration.
  • Authors

  • Langlais, PJ
  • Mair, Robert
  • Anderson, CD
  • McEntee, WJ
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • September 22, 1987
  • Keywords

  • 3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic Acid
  • Animals
  • Brain
  • Cerebral Cortex
  • Dopamine
  • Hydroxyindoleacetic Acid
  • Male
  • Norepinephrine
  • Rats
  • Thiamine Deficiency
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 2446701
  • Start Page

  • 140
  • End Page

  • 149
  • Volume

  • 421
  • Issue

  • 1-2