Global observations of the interstellar interaction from the Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX).

Academic Article


  • The Sun moves through the local interstellar medium, continuously emitting ionized, supersonic solar wind plasma and carving out a cavity in interstellar space called the heliosphere. The recently launched Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX) spacecraft has completed its first all-sky maps of the interstellar interaction at the edge of the heliosphere by imaging energetic neutral atoms (ENAs) emanating from this region. We found a bright ribbon of ENA emission, unpredicted by prior models or theories, that may be ordered by the local interstellar magnetic field interacting with the heliosphere. This ribbon is superposed on globally distributed flux variations ordered by both the solar wind structure and the direction of motion through the interstellar medium. Our results indicate that the external galactic environment strongly imprints the heliosphere.
  • Authors

  • McComas, DJ
  • Allegrini, F
  • Bochsler, P
  • Bzowski, M
  • Christian, ER
  • Crew, GB
  • DeMajistre, R
  • Fahr, H
  • Fichtner, H
  • Frisch, PC
  • Funsten, HO
  • Fuselier, SA
  • Gloeckler, G
  • Gruntman, M
  • Heerikhuisen, J
  • Izmodenov, V
  • Janzen, P
  • Knappenberger, P
  • Krimigis, S
  • Kucharek, Harald
  • Lee, M
  • Livadiotis, G
  • Livi, S
  • MacDowall, RJ
  • Mitchell, D
  • Möbius, E
  • Moore, T
  • Pogorelov, NV
  • Reisenfeld, D
  • Roelof, E
  • Saul, L
  • Schwadron, Nathan
  • Valek, PW
  • Vanderspek, R
  • Wurz, P
  • Zank, GP
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • November 13, 2009
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 19833923
  • Start Page

  • 959
  • End Page

  • 962
  • Volume

  • 326
  • Issue

  • 5955