An efficient route to architecturally defined, sub-20 nm soft nanoparticles fabricated from single polymer chains via intramolecular photodimerization of pendant anthracene units is presented. Photodimerization is confirmed by the disappearance of the characteristic anthracene π-π* absorption peak at ≈ 360 nm measured by UV-vis spectroscopy. Size exclusion chromatography (SEC) with UV, multi-angle light scattering (MALS), and viscometric detection confirms that as photodimers form, the chains fold to form nanoparticles, demonstrated by shifts in the SEC traces to longer retention times as a function of increased irradiation time. These shifts indicate a reduction in hydrodynamic radius, corroborated and quantified by viscometric data. MALS detector traces reveal the presence of a small amount of chain-chain coupling during this process, but confirm that this is primarily a single-chain phenomenon. Electron microscopy provides visual confirmation of nanoparticle formation.