Assessing the Modified Neighborhood Cohesion Index Among African American Adolescents Living in Public Housing: An Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis.

Academic Article


  • OBJECTIVE: African American youth are disproportionately overrepresented in low-resourced segregated urban neighborhoods. Consequently, they experience greater exposure to neighborhood risks and subsequent depressive symptoms. Neighborhood cohesion represents a protective factor for youth in such environments. However, the concept remains underexplored among African American youth. This study examines the psychometric properties of a modified version of the Neighborhood Cohesion Index (NCI) among African American youth living in public housing. METHOD: Psychometric properties were assessed through exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses using data from African American youth (N = 235) living in public housing in two large northeastern cities. RESULTS: The EFA resulted in the use of a single-factor structure with two dropped items and good internal validity. Findings from the CFA indicated that model fit indices were unacceptable for chi-square and RMSEA (χ2 [62; N = 235] = 170.19, p < .001); RMSEA = 0.09 [90% CI: 0.071, 0.102]) but were acceptable for SRMR and CFI (SRMR = 0.06; CFI = 0.91) with three error covariances. CONCLUSIONS: The modified NCI is not ideal for assessing neighborhood cohesion among this understudied population. Future research should prioritize psychometric testing alongside cognitive interviewing, to provide a contextualized measure of neighborhood cohesion for this population.
  • Authors

  • Villodas, Melissa L
  • Nebbitt, Von E
  • Lombe, Margaret
  • Yu, Mansoo
  • Foell, Andrew
  • McCoy, Henrika
  • Enelamah, Ngozi
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • 2023
  • Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • African American
  • Factor Analysis
  • Neighborhood Cohesion
  • Public Housing
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 291
  • End Page

  • 312
  • Volume

  • 14
  • Issue

  • 2