Dependence of Energetic Storm Particle Heavy Ion Peak Intensities and Spectra on Source CME Longitude and Speed

Academic Article


  • Abstract We examine variations in energetic storm particle (ESP) heavy ion peak intensities and energy spectra at CME-driven interplanetary shocks. We focus on their dependence with heliolongitude relative to the source region of their associated CMEs, and with CME speed, for events observed in Solar Cycle 24 at the STEREO-A, STEREO-B, and/or ACE spacecraft. We find that observations of ESP events at 1 au are organized by longitude relative to their CME solar source. The ESP event longitude distribution also showed organization with CME speed. The near-Sun CME speeds (V i ) for these events ranged from ∼560 to 2650 km s−1 while the average CME transit speeds to 1 au were significantly slower. The angular width of the events had a clear threshold at V i of ∼1300 km s−1, above which events showed significantly larger angular extension compared to events with speeds below. High-speed events also showed larger heavy ion peak intensities near the nose of the shock compared to the flanks while their spectral index was smaller near the nose and larger near the flanks. This organization for events with V i < 1300 km s−1 was not as clear. These ESP events were observed over a narrower range of longitudes though the heavy ion peak intensities still appeared largest near the nose of the shock. Their heavy ion spectra showed no clear organization with longitude. These observations highlight the impact of spacecraft position relative to the CME source longitude and V i on the properties of ESP events at 1 au.
  • Authors

  • Duenas, A Santa Fe
  • Ebert, RW
  • Dayeh, MA
  • Desai, MI
  • Jian, LK
  • Li, G
  • Smith, Charles
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • August 1, 2022
  • Has Subject Area

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 32
  • End Page

  • 32
  • Volume

  • 935
  • Issue

  • 1