Turbulence in the Outer Heliosphere

Academic Article


  • AbstractThe solar wind (SW) and local interstellar medium (LISM) are turbulent media. Their interaction is governed by complex physical processes and creates heliospheric regions with significantly different properties in terms of particle populations, bulk flow and turbulence. Our knowledge of the solar wind turbulence nature and dynamics mostly relies on near-Earth and near-Sun observations, and has been increasingly improving in recent years due to the availability of a wealth of space missions, including multi-spacecraft missions. In contrast, the properties of turbulence in the outer heliosphere are still not completely understood. In situ observations byVoyagerandNew Horizons, and remote neutral atom measurements byIBEXstrongly suggest that turbulence is one of the critical processes acting at the heliospheric interface. It is intimately connected to charge exchange processes responsible for the production of suprathermal ions and energetic neutral atoms. This paper reviews the observational evidence of turbulence in the distant SW and in the LISM, advances in modeling efforts, and open challenges.
  • Authors

  • Fraternale, Federico
  • Adhikari, Laxman
  • Fichtner, Horst
  • Kim, Tae K
  • Kleimann, Jens
  • Oughton, Sean
  • Pogorelov, Nikolai V
  • Roytershteyn, Vadim
  • Smith, Charles
  • Usmanov, Arcadi V
  • Zank, Gary P
  • Zhao, Lingling
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • September 2022
  • Has Subject Area

    Published In


  • Heliosphere
  • Interstellar medium
  • Solar wind
  • Turbulence
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)


  • 218
  • Issue

  • 6