Using the Moving To Opportunity Experiment to Investigate the Long-Term Impact of Neighborhoods on Healthcare Use by Specific Clinical Conditions and Type of Service.

Academic Article


  • We performed a secondary analysis of the Moving To Opportunity (MTO) social experiment to investigate the impact of different types of housing assistance and neighborhood environments on long-term patterns of health care use for specific conditions and across different types of health care services. MTO participants, who were randomized at baseline, were linked to up to 21 years of all-payer hospital discharge and Medicaid data. Among the 9,170 children at the time of randomization, those who received a voucher had subsequent hospital admissions rates that were 36% lower for asthma and 30% lower for mental health disorders compared to the control group; rates of psychiatric services, outpatient hospital services, clinic services and durable medical equipment were also lower among the voucher groups. Findings for adults were not statistically significant. The results suggest that housing policies that reduce neighborhood poverty exposure as a child are associated with lower subsequent healthcare use for specific clinical conditions and types of services.
  • Authors

  • Pollack, Craig Evan
  • Bozzi, Debra G
  • Blackford, Amanda L
  • DeLuca, Stefanie
  • Thornton, Rachel
  • Herring, Bradley
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • 2023
  • Has Subject Area

    Published In


  • asthma
  • emergency department visits
  • hospitalizations
  • housing mobility
  • mental health
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 269
  • End Page

  • 289
  • Volume

  • 33
  • Issue

  • 1