Basal anthropoids from Egypt and the antiquity of Africa's higher primate radiation.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Early anthropoid evolution in Afro-Arabia is poorly documented, with only a few isolated teeth known from before approximately 35 million years ago. Here we describe craniodental remains of the primitive anthropoid Biretia from approximately 37-million-year-old rocks in Egypt. Biretia is unique among early anthropoids in exhibiting evidence for nocturnality, but derived dental features shared with younger parapithecids draw this genus, and possibly >45-million-year-old Algeripithecus, into a morphologically and behaviorally diverse parapithecoid clade of great antiquity.
  • Authors

  • Seiffert, Erik R
  • Simons, Elwyn L
  • Clyde, William
  • Rossie, James B
  • Attia, Yousry
  • Bown, Thomas M
  • Chatrath, Prithijit
  • Mathison, Mark E
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • October 14, 2005
  • Published In

    Keywords

  • Animals
  • Biological Evolution
  • Dentition
  • Egypt, Ancient
  • Fossils
  • Haplorhini
  • History, Ancient
  • Phylogeny
  • Skull
  • Time
  • Tooth
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 16224019
  • Start Page

  • 300
  • End Page

  • 304
  • Volume

  • 310
  • Issue

  • 5746