A Coronal Mass Ejection and Magnetic Ejecta Observed In Situ by STEREO-A and Wind at 55 degrees Angular Separation

Academic Article


  • Abstract We present an analysis of in situ and remote-sensing measurements of a coronal mass ejection (CME) that erupted on 2021 February 20 and impacted both the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO)-A and the Wind spacecraft, which were separated longitudinally by 55°. Measurements on 2021 February 24 at both spacecraft are consistent with the passage of a magnetic ejecta (ME), making this one of the widest reported multispacecraft ME detections. The CME is associated with a low-inclined and wide filament eruption from the Sun’s southern hemisphere, which propagates between STEREO-A and Wind around E34. At STEREO-A, the measurements indicate the passage of a moderately fast (∼425 km s−1) shock-driving ME, occurring 2–3 days after the end of a high speed stream (HSS). At Wind, the measurements show a faster (∼490 km s−1) and much shorter ME, not preceded by a shock nor a sheath, and occurring inside the back portion of the HSS. The ME orientation measured at both spacecraft is consistent with a passage close to the legs of a curved flux rope. The short duration of the ME observed at Wind and the difference in the suprathermal electron pitch-angle data between the two spacecraft are the only results that do not satisfy common expectations. We discuss the consequence of these measurements on our understanding of the CME shape and extent and the lack of clear signatures of the interaction between the CME and the HSS.
  • Authors

  • Lugaz, Noe
  • Salman, Tarik M
  • Zhuang, Bin
  • Al-Haddad, Nada
  • Scolini, Camilla
  • Farrugia, Charles
  • Yu, Wenyuan
  • Winslow, Reka M
  • Moestl, Christian
  • Davies, Emma E
  • Galvin, Antoinette B
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • April 1, 2022
  • Has Subject Area

    Published In


  • astro-ph.SR
  • physics.space-ph
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 149
  • End Page

  • 149
  • Volume

  • 929
  • Issue

  • 2