High-latitude Observations of Inertial-range Turbulence by the Ulysses Spacecraft During the Solar Minimum of 1993-96

Academic Article


  • Abstract We have examined Ulysses magnetic field measurements for the years 1993 through 1996 as the spacecraft moved sunward from 5 au at high southern latitudes, passing through perihelion during the first fast-latitude scan to achieve high northern latitudes, and finally returning to 5 au. These years represent near-solar-minimum activity, providing a clear measure of high-latitude solar-wind turbulence. We apply a series of tests to the data, examining both the magnetic variance anisotropy and the underlying wavevector anisotropy, finding them to be consistent with past 1 au observations. The variance anisotropy depends upon both the thermal proton temperature parameter and the amplitude of the magnetic power spectrum, while the underlying wavevector anisotropy is dominated by the component perpendicular to the mean magnetic field. We also examine the amplitude of the magnetic power spectrum as well as the associated turbulent transport of energy to small scales that results in the heating of the thermal plasma. The measured turbulence is found to be stronger than that seen at low latitudes by the Voyager spacecraft as it traverses the distance from 1 to 5 au during the years approaching solar maximum. If the high- and low-latitude sources are comparable, this would indicate that while the heating processes are active in both regions, the turbulence has had less decay time in the transport of energy to small scales. Alternatively, it may also be that the high-latitude source is stronger.
  • Authors

  • Watson, Abigale S
  • Smith, Charles
  • Marchuk, Anastasia V
  • Argall, Matthew R
  • Joyce, Colin J
  • Isenberg, Philip A
  • Vasquez, Bernard J
  • Schwadron, Nathan
  • Bzowski, Maciej
  • Kubiak, Marzena A
  • Murphy, Neil
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • March 1, 2022
  • Has Subject Area

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 43
  • End Page

  • 43
  • Volume

  • 927
  • Issue

  • 1