Development of a curled wake of a yawed wind turbine under turbulent and sheared inflow

Academic Article


  • Abstract. Redirecting the wake from an upstream wind turbine by yawing its rotor can reduce the negative impact of the wake on a downstream turbine. The present research investigated wind turbine wake behaviour for three yaw angles [-30,0,30∘] at different inflow turbulence levels and shear profiles under controlled conditions. Experiments were conducted using a model wind turbine with 0.6 m diameter (D) in a large wind tunnel. A short-range lidar WindScanner was used to map the wake with high spatial and temporal resolution in vertical, cross-stream planes at different downstream locations and in a horizontal plane at hub height. The lidar WindScanner enabled fast measurements at multiple locations in comparison to the standard hot-wire measurements. The flow structures and the energy dissipation rate of the wake were measured from 1 up to 10 D, and for one inflow case up to 16 D, downstream of the turbine rotor. A strong dependency of the wake characteristics on both the yaw angle and the inflow conditions was observed. In addition, the curled wake that develops under yaw misalignment due to the counter-rotating vortex pair was more pronounced with a boundary layer (sheared) inflow condition than for uniform inflow with different turbulence levels. Furthermore, the lidar velocity data and calculated quantities such as the energy dissipation rate compared favourably with hot-wire data from previous experiments with a similar inflow condition and wind turbine model in the same facility, lending credibility to the measurement technique and methodology used here. The results of this measurement campaign provided a deeper understanding of the development of the wake for different yaw angles and inflow conditions which can help improve wake models.
  • Authors

  • Hulsman, Paul
  • Wosnik, Martin
  • Petrovi, Vlaho
  • Holling, Michael
  • Kuhn, Martin
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • February 4, 2022
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 237
  • End Page

  • 257
  • Volume

  • 7
  • Issue

  • 1