Perspective on Nanofiber Electrochemical Sensors: Design of Relative Selectivity Experiments.

Academic Article


  • The use of nanofibers creates the ability for non-enzymatic sensing in various applications and greatly improves the sensitivity, speed, and accuracy of electrochemical sensors for a wide variety of analytes. The high surface area to volume ratio of the fibers as well as their high porosity, even when compared to other common nanostructures, allows for enhanced electrocatalytic, adsorptive, and analyte-specific recognition mechanisms. Nanofibers have the potential to rival and replace materials used in electrochemical sensing. As more types of nanofibers are developed and tested for new applications, more consistent and refined selectivity experiments are needed. We applied this idea in a review of interferant control experiments and real sample analyses. The goal of this review is to provide guidelines for acceptable nanofiber sensor selectivity experiments with considerations for electrocatalytic, adsorptive, and analyte-specific recognition mechanisms. The intended presented review and guidelines will be of particular use to junior researchers designing their first control experiments, but could be used as a reference for anyone designing selectivity experiments for non-enzymatic sensors including nanofibers. We indicate the importance of testing both interferants in complex media and mechanistic interferants in the selectivity analysis of newly developed nanofiber sensor surfaces.
  • Authors

  • Feeney, Stanley G
  • LaFreniere, Joelle MJ
  • Halpern, Jeffrey
  • Publication Date

  • October 27, 2021
  • Published In

  • Polymers  Journal
  • Keywords

  • biosensors
  • chemical sensors
  • electrochemical sensing
  • nanofibers
  • selectivity experiments
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 3706
  • Volume

  • 13
  • Issue

  • 21