Changes in the Employment Status of People With and Without Disabilities in the United States During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Academic Article


  • OBJECTIVE: Using data from the monthly Current Population Survey, this paper provides monthly employment and unemployment statistics for people with and without disabilities in the United States before and during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic to date (January 2021). DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of the Current Population Survey. SETTING: The United States. PARTICIPANTS: People with and without disabilities ages 16-64 years. INTERVENTION: N/A MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Percentage employed, percentage unemployed, percentage not in labor force, percentage on temporary layoff, percentage looking for work. RESULTS: Estimates show that, like workers without disabilities, workers with disabilities experienced increases in unemployment at the beginning of the pandemic but continued to remain engaged in the labor force. Our analysis finds that employment rates dropped from 74.8% to 63.2% for those without disabilities and from 31.1% to 26.4% for those with disabilities between February 2020 and April 2020 but gradually improved in the succeeding months. CONCLUSIONS: As the pandemic continued, the percentage of unemployed people with and without disabilities on temporary layoff decreased and those looking for work increased.
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • July 2021
  • Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • COVID-19
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Disability
  • Disabled Persons
  • Educational Status
  • Employment
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pandemics
  • Rehabilitation
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Unemployment
  • United States
  • Young Adult
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 1420
  • End Page

  • 1423
  • Volume

  • 102
  • Issue

  • 7