Scientific Challenges and Present Capabilities in Underwater Robotic Vehicle Design and Navigation for Oceanographic Exploration Under-Ice

Academic Article


  • This paper reviews the scientific motivation and challenges, development, and use of underwater robotic vehicles designed for use in ice-covered waters, with special attention paid to the navigation systems employed for under-ice deployments. Scientific needs for routine access under fixed and moving ice by underwater robotic vehicles are reviewed in the contexts of geology and geophysics, biology, sea ice and climate, ice shelves, and seafloor mapping. The challenges of under-ice vehicle design and navigation are summarized. The paper reviews all known under-ice robotic vehicles and their associated navigation systems, categorizing them by vehicle type (tethered, untethered, hybrid, and glider) and by the type of ice they were designed for (fixed glacial or sea ice and moving sea ice).
  • Authors

  • Barker, Laughlin DL
  • Jakuba, Michael V
  • Bowen, Andrew D
  • German, Christopher R
  • Maksym, Ted
  • Mayer, Larry
  • Boetius, Antje
  • Dutrieux, Pierre
  • Whitcomb, Louis L
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • August 2020
  • Published In

  • Remote Sensing  Journal
  • Keywords

  • gliders
  • hybrid vehicles
  • ocean exploration
  • ocean science
  • tethered vehicles
  • under-ice navigation
  • underwater robotic vehicles
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 2588
  • End Page

  • 2588
  • Volume

  • 12
  • Issue

  • 16