A Facile Approach to Fabricate Porous Nylon 6 Nanofibers Using Silica Nanotemplate

Academic Article


  • AbstractPorous Nylon 6 nanofibers were prepared using silica nanoparticles as the template. Firstly, Nylon 6/silica composite nanofibers were prepared as precursors by electrospinning Nylon 6 solutions containing different contents of silica nanoparticles. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used to examine the surface morphology and the inner structure of composite nanofibers; where it was found that silica nanoparticles were distributed both inside and on the surface of nanofibers. Analytical techniques [Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), differential scanning calorimetry, thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), and wide‐angle X‐ray diffraction) were used to study the structure and properties of these composite nanofibers. The glass transition, melting, and crystallization processes of the fibers were affected by the addition of silica nanoparticles. Secondly, porous Nylon 6 nanofibers were obtained by removing silica nanoparticles via hydrofluoric acid treatment. The removal of silica nanoparticles was confirmed using FTIR and TGA tests. SEM and TEM observations revealed the formation of the porous structure in these nanofibers. After the formation of the porous structure, Brunauer–Emmett–Teller specific surface areas of nanofibers were increased as compared to solid Nylon 6 and composite nanofibers. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011
  • Authors

  • Shi, Quan
  • Vitchuli, Narendiran
  • Ji, Liwen
  • Nowak, Joshua
  • McCord, Marian
  • Bourham, Mohamed
  • Zhang, Xiangwu
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • April 5, 2011
  • Has Subject Area

    Published In


  • Nylon 6
  • electrospinning
  • nanocomposite
  • porous nanofibers
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 425
  • End Page

  • 433
  • Volume

  • 120
  • Issue

  • 1