Grafting of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) onto nylon and polystyrene surfaces by atmospheric plasma treatment followed with free radical graft copolymerization

Academic Article


  • AbstractStimuli‐responsive polymer materials (SRPs) have potential uses in drug delivery, tissue engineering, bioreactors, and cell‐surface adhesion control. Temperature‐responsive surfaces were fabricated by grafting poly(N‐isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) onto nylon and polystyrene surfaces via a new procedure, i.e., He atmospheric plasma treatment followed by free radical graft copolymerization. The atmospheric plasma exhibits the activation capability to initiate graft copolymerization. The procedure is suitable for integration into a continuous manufacturing process. To reduce homopolymerization and enhance graft yield, Mohr's salt was added. The graft of PNIPAM was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy. Dramatic water contact angle increase was found for PNIPAM‐grafted polymers at about 32°C, indicating the temperature sensitivity of the grafted surface, i.e., the change of surface from hydrophilic to hydrophobic when temperature increases above the lower critical solution temperature (LCST). The addition of Mohr's salt enhances the grafting reaction and the magnitude of temperature sensitivity. © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 104: 3614–3621, 2007
  • Authors

  • Wang, Xiaoling
  • McCord, Marian
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • June 15, 2007
  • Has Subject Area

    Published In


  • biomaterials
  • graft copolymers
  • hydrogels
  • plasma polymerization
  • polystyrene
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 3614
  • End Page

  • 3621
  • Volume

  • 104
  • Issue

  • 6