Surface waves impinging on a vertical wall

Academic Article


  • Flow visualization experiments have been performed which consider a solitary wave impinging on a vertical wall. Several stages of motion appear as the incident wave height is increased in subsequent runs. Small amplitude incident waves reflect off the vertical wall without a significant change in shape. Higher wave amplitudes form a liquid sheet at impact, which ascends the vertical wall and has a ridge of fluid at the leading edge. Small waves form behind the ridge, and the ridge may form droplets. Large incident wave amplitudes form spilling breaking waves, which result in much more complicated motion in the ascending sheet, including the formation of spray.
  • Authors

  • McHugh, John
  • Watt, DW
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • January 1998
  • Has Subject Area

    Published In

  • Physics of Fluids  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 324
  • End Page

  • 326
  • Volume

  • 10
  • Issue

  • 1