Identification of Sensory Processing and Integration Symptom Clusters: A Preliminary Study.

Academic Article


  • RATIONALE: This study explored subtypes of sensory processing disorder (SPD) by examining the clinical presentations of cluster groups that emerged from scores of children with SPD on the Sensory Processing 3-Dimension (SP-3D) Inventory. METHOD: A nonexperimental design was used involving data extraction from the records of 252 children with SPD. Exploratory cluster analyses were conducted with scores from the SP-3D Inventory which measures sensory overresponsivity (SOR), sensory underresponsivity (SUR), sensory craving (SC), postural disorder, dyspraxia, and sensory discrimination. Scores related to adaptive behavior, social-emotional functioning, and attention among children with different sensory modulation patterns were then examined and compared. RESULTS: Three distinct cluster groups emerged from the data: High SOR only, High SUR with SOR, and High SC with SOR. All groups showed low performance within multiple domains of adaptive behavior. Atypical behaviors associated with social-emotional functioning and attention varied among the groups. IMPLICATIONS: The SP-3D Inventory shows promise as a tool for assisting in identifying patterns of sensory dysfunction and for guiding intervention. Better characterization can guide intervention precision and facilitate homogenous samples for research.
  • Authors

  • Miller, Lucy Jane
  • Schoen, Sarah A
  • Mulligan, Shelley
  • Sullivan, Jillian
  • Publication Date

  • 2017
  • Published In


  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Cluster Analysis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Perceptual Disorders
  • Sensation Disorders
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 2876080
  • Volume

  • 2017