Substituent effects in pentacenes: gaining control over HOMO-LUMO gaps and photooxidative resistances.

Academic Article


  • A combined experimental and computational study of a series of substituted pentacenes including halogenated, phenylated, silylethynylated and thiolated derivatives is presented. Experimental studies include the synthesis and characterization of six new and six known pentacene derivatives and a kinetic study of each derivative under identical photooxidative conditions. Structures, HOMO-LUMO energies and associated gaps were calculated at the B3LYP/6-311+G**//PM3 level while optical and electrochemical HOMO-LUMO gaps were measured experimentally. The combined results provide for the first time a quantitative assessment of HOMO-LUMO gaps and photooxidative resistances for a large series of pentacene derivatives as a function of substituents. The persistence of each pentacene derivative is impacted by a combination of steric resistance and electronic effects as well as the positional location of each substituent. Silylethynyl-substituted pentacenes like TIPS-pentacene possess small HOMO-LUMO gaps but are not the longest lived species under photooxidative conditions, contrary to popular perception. A pentacene derivative with both chlorine substituents in the 2,3,9,10 positions and o-alkylphenyl substituents in the 6,13 positions is longer lived than TIPS-pentacene. Of all the derivatives studied, alkylthio- and arylthio-substituted pentacenes are most resistant to photooxidation, possess relatively small HOMO-LUMO gaps and are highly soluble in a variety of organic solvents. These results have broad implications for the field of organic molecular electronics where OFET, OLED, and other applications can benefit from highly persistent, solution processable pentacene derivatives.
  • Authors

  • Kaur, Irvinder
  • Jia, Wenling
  • Kopreski, Ryan P
  • Selvarasah, Selvapraba
  • Dokmeci, Mehmet R
  • Pramanik, Chandrani
  • McGruer, Nicol E
  • Miller, Glen
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • December 3, 2008
  • Has Subject Area

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 19006312
  • Start Page

  • 16274
  • End Page

  • 16286
  • Volume

  • 130
  • Issue

  • 48