In Vitro Osteogenic, Angiogenic, and Inflammatory Effects of Copper in beta-Tricalcium Phosphate

Academic Article


  • AbstractTricalcium phosphate (TCP) is a promising candidate in bone and dental tissue engineering applications. Though osteoconductive, its low osteoinductivity is a major concern. Trace elements addition at low concentrations are known for their impact on not only the osteoinductivity, but also physical and mechanical properties of TCP. Copper (Cu) is known for its role in vascularization and angiogenesis in biological systems. Here, we studied the effects of Cu addition on phase composition, porosity, microstructure and in vitro interaction with osteoblast (OB) cells. Our results showed that Cu stabilized the TCP structure, while no significant effect of microstructure and porosity was found. Cu at concentrations less than 1 wt.% did not have any cytotoxic effect while decreased proliferation of OBs were observed at 1 wt.% Cu doped TCP. Addition of Cu upregulated collagen type I and vascular endothelial growth factor expression in a dose dependent manner at early time-point. Furthermore, Cu reduced inflammatory gene expression by human osteoblasts. These findings show that addition of Cu to TCP may provide a therapeutic strategy that can be applied in bone tissue engineering applications.
  • Authors

  • Han, Weiguo
  • Cummings, Haley
  • Duvuuru, Murali Krishna
  • Fleck, Sarah
  • Vahabzadeh, Sahar
  • Elsawa, Sherine
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • 2019
  • Keywords

  • Musculoskeletal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 1253
  • End Page

  • 1259
  • Volume

  • 4
  • Issue

  • 21