Development and Validation of the Policies, Opportunities, Initiatives and Notable Topics (POINTS) Audit for Campuses and Worksites.

Academic Article


  • Background: Workplace or campus wellness/obesity-prevention policies and initiatives can improve health. Research tools to assess worksite or campus policies/initiatives are scarce. Thus, the aim of this research is to develop and validate the policies, opportunities, initiatives, and notable topics (POINTS) audit. Methods: POINTS was developed and refined via expert review, pilot-testing, and field testing. Trained researchers completed a web-based review from a student-focus or employee-focus regarding 34 health-promoting topics for colleges. Each topic was evaluated on a 0⁻2 scale: 0 = no policy/initiative, 1 = initiatives, 2 = written policy. When a written policy was detected, additional policy support questions (administered, monitored, reviewed) were completed. Results: Cronbach's Alpha for the student-focused POINTS audit was α = 0.787 (34 items, possible points = 65), and for the employee-focused POINTS audit was α = 0.807 (26 items, possible points = 50). A total of 115 student-focused and 33 employee-focused audits were completed. Although there was little evidence of policy presence beyond stimulant standards (smoking and alcohol), there were extensive examples of health initiatives. The student-focused POINTS audit was validated using the Healthier Campus Initiative's survey. Conclusions: POINTS is a web-based audit tool that is valid and useful for pre-assessment, advocacy, benchmarking, and tracking policies for health and well-being for students (campus) and employees (worksite).
  • Authors

  • Horacek, Tanya M
  • Simon, Marlei
  • Dede Yildirim, Elif
  • White, Adrienne A
  • Shelnutt, Karla P
  • Riggsbee, Kristin
  • Olfert, Melissa D
  • Morrell, Jesse
  • Mathews, Anne E
  • Zhou, Wenjun
  • Kidd, Tandalayo
  • Kattelmann, Kendra
  • Greene, Geoffrey
  • Franzen-Castle, Lisa
  • Colby, Sarah
  • Byrd-Bredbenner, Carol
  • Brown, Onikia
  • Publication Date

  • March 4, 2019
  • Has Subject Area


  • college
  • environmental audit
  • health promotion policy
  • web-based assessment
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 778
  • End Page

  • 778
  • Volume

  • 16
  • Issue

  • 5