Guided participation in cultural activity by toddlers and caregivers.

Academic Article


  • In this Monograph, we examine how toddlers and their caregivers from four cultural communities collaborate in shared activities. We focus both on similarities across communities in processes of guided participation--structuring children's participation and bridging between their understanding and that of their caregivers--and on differences in how guided participation occurs. We examine the idea that a key cultural difference entails who is responsible for learning--whether adults take this responsibility by structuring teaching situations or whether children take responsibility for learning through observation and through participating in adult activities with caregivers' support. We speculate that these two patterns relate to cultural variation in the segregation of children from adult activities of their community and in emphasis on formal schooling. The four communities of our study vary along these lines as well as in other ways: a Mayan Indian town in Guatemala, a middle-class urban group in the United States, a tribal village in India, and a middle-class urban neighborhood in Turkey. In each community, we visited the families of 14 toddlers (aged 12-24 months) for an interview that was focused on child-rearing practices, which included observations of caregivers helping the toddlers operate novel objects spontaneously during adult activities. Results are based on systematic analysis of patterns of communication and attention in each family in each community, combining the tools of ethnographic description, graphic analysis, and statistics.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
  • Authors

  • Chavajay, Pablo
  • Rogoff, B
  • Mistry, J
  • Göncü, A
  • Mosier, C
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • 1993
  • Keywords

  • Adult
  • Attention
  • Communication
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison
  • Cultural Characteristics
  • Ethnicity
  • Family Characteristics
  • Female
  • Guatemala
  • Humans
  • Imitative Behavior
  • India
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Social Environment
  • Turkey
  • United States
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 8284000
  • Start Page

  • v
  • End Page

  • 174
  • Volume

  • 58
  • Issue

  • 8