New marine evidence for a Late Wisconsinan ice stream in Amundsen Gulf, Arctic Canada

Academic Article


  • The glacial sole marks on the seabed in Amundsen Gulf and regional data from the adjacent mainland and islands outline the configuration of a glacial ice stream from the Laurentide Ice Sheet that occupied Amundsen Gulf and adjoining waterways during the Late Wisconsinan. Part of the northwestward flowing ice stream was deflected around the Colville Mountains on Victoria Island and rejoined the main ice stream in Amundsen Gulf by way of Prince Albert Sound. The grounded Amundsen Gulf ice stream extended northwestward to the outer slope in the Beaufort Sea where it was buttressed by Arctic Shelf Ice. Maximum ice stream extent is inferred to have been coincident with the Late Glacial Maximum. Multi-sequence ice-contact sediments and stratigraphic relations with glaciomarine sediments indicate that several ice advances and retreats occurred in the northwestern part of the gulf. Final retreat from the maximum position began prior to 13,000 cal yr BP and terrestrial dates indicate that the retreating ice front had reached Dolphin and Union Strait by about 12.5 cal ka BP.
  • Authors

  • Hughes Clarke, John
  • MacLean, B
  • Blasco, S
  • Bennett, R
  • Lakeman, T
  • Hughes-Clarke, J
  • Kuus, P
  • Patton, E
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • April 15, 2015
  • Has Subject Area


  • Amundsen Gulf
  • Canadian Arctic
  • Drumlinoid features
  • Glacial ice stream
  • Ridge and groove lineations
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 149
  • End Page

  • 166
  • Volume

  • 114