Regulation of ovarian steroidogenesis in vitro in the viviparous shark, Squalus acanthias.

Academic Article


  • We investigated the steroid biosynthetic capabilities of ovarian granulosa and thecal elements of the viviparous dogfish, Squalus acanthias. In this report we present evidence that granulosa cells secrete quantitatively important amounts of progesterone (P), testosterone (T), and estradiol-17 beta (E), while theca has a more limited capacity to synthesize T and E. Ovarian granulosa cells were obtained from animals at each stage of gestation. After collagenase dispersion, an aliquot of 250,000 cells was incubated at 18 degrees C in basal medium, containing Eagle's salts, glutamine, penicillin, streptomycin and adjusted with 136 mM sodium chloride and 350 mM urea. After a 4 hour incubation, the content of P, T, and E in medium was determined by radioimmunoassay. P was not detectable at any time, while E was present throughout the cycle, being maximal when gestation is three quarters complete (Stage C). T gradually increased from Stage B toward late pregnancy. In Stage C granulosa cells, E production increased in the presence of graded doses of T substrate. Also, a homologous pituitary extract (1/25 equivalents) and the calcium ionophore A23187 stimulated production of all 3 steroids. Using radioisotopes, granulosa cells showed a wide range of synthetic capacities. In Stage C thecal tissue, E production also increased in the presence of graded doses of T substrate, while pituitary extract only increased T. When granulosa and theca were recombined, in the presence of pituitary extract, P levels decreased with a corresponding increase in T, when compared to granulosa alone. These data suggest a possible interaction between granulosa and theca for steroid biosynthesis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
  • Authors

  • Tsang, Paul
  • Callard, IP
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • January 1, 1992
  • Published In


  • Animals
  • Calcimycin
  • Cell Communication
  • Cell Separation
  • Dogfish
  • Estradiol
  • Female
  • Gonadotropins
  • Granulosa Cells
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Ovary
  • Pregnancy
  • Progesterone
  • Radioimmunoassay
  • Testosterone
  • Theca Cells
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 1729388
  • Start Page

  • 97
  • End Page

  • 104
  • Volume

  • 261
  • Issue

  • 1