Estimating Treatment Effects of Unit-Based Pricing of Household Solid Waste Disposal

Academic Article


  • Propensity score matching is used to estimate treatment effects when data are observational. Results presented in this study demonstrate the use of propensity score matching to evaluate the average treatment effect of unit-based pricing of household trash for reducing municipal solid waste disposal. Average treatment effect of the treated for 34 New Hampshire communities range from an annual reduction of 631 pounds per household to 823 pounds per household. This represents an annual reduction of 42 percent to 54 percent from an average of 1530 pounds per household if a town did not adopt municipal solid waste user fees.
  • Authors

  • Wright, Christopher
  • Halstead, John
  • Huang, Ju-Chin
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • April 2019
  • Keywords

  • environmental program evaluation
  • propensity score matching
  • solid waste management
  • treatment effects
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 21
  • End Page

  • 43
  • Volume

  • 48
  • Issue

  • 1