This paper, the third in a series covering the history of The Academy since its founding in l973, recounts and details the leadership, publications, activities and events of the period 1999 through 2013 from the viewpoint of individuals who have served as officers and/or trustees of The Academy. The earlier histories of The Academy appeared in this journal in December 1989 (1973–1988) and in December 1998 (1989–1998) and provide a similar profile of the organization for those periods, with a summary evaluation as part of the conclusion. The Academy celebrated its fortieth anniversary in 2013. Two of the three coauthors of this study were also coauthors of the previous study. Edward N. Coffman, a continuing coauthor, passed away after completion of the manuscript but before its publication.