BACKGROUND:The provision of workplace accommodations is a proven strategy in supporting individuals with disabilities
at work. Accommodations include a wide range of supports and strategies that are not very well defined beyond the Americans
with Disabilities Act in the United States. Understanding the landscape of accommodations is important to measure the impact
of programs that support employment of individuals with disabilities.
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a scoping review and thematic analysis of research literature to identify how workplace accommodations
are operationalized and to identify knowledge gaps in its conceptualization.
METHODS: Keywords searches were conducted in seven electronic databases. Title, abstract, and full text screening was
conducted followed by a thematic analysis of the content to identify how workplace accommodations are operationalized.
RESULTS: Overall, 47 studies were selected for review. 433 different types of accommodations were identified, of which
assistive technology and specialized equipment represented the most frequently reported type of accommodation (40%).
A very small percentage of studies included policy changes (9%) and human assistance (5%) as an accommodation
CONCLUSIONS: This scoping review aims to clarify how accommodations are operationalized in the research literature.
Key knowledge gaps identified include the systematic exclusion of certain types of supports or disability types