An optical water type framework for selecting and blending retrievals from bio-optical algorithms in lakes and coastal waters.

Academic Article


  • Bio-optical models are based on relationships between the spectral remote sensing reflectance and optical properties of in-water constituents. The wavelength range where this information can be exploited changes depending on the water characteristics. In low chlorophyll-a waters, the blue/green region of the spectrum is more sensitive to changes in chlorophyll-a concentration, whereas the red/NIR region becomes more important in turbid and/or eutrophic waters. In this work we present an approach to manage the shift from blue/green ratios to red/NIR-based chlorophyll-a algorithms for optically complex waters. Based on a combined in situ data set of coastal and inland waters, measures of overall algorithm uncertainty were roughly equal for two chlorophyll-a algorithms-the standard NASA OC4 algorithm based on blue/green bands and a MERIS 3-band algorithm based on red/NIR bands-with RMS error of 0.416 and 0.437 for each in log chlorophyll-a units, respectively. However, it is clear that each algorithm performs better at different chlorophyll-a ranges. When a blending approach is used based on an optical water type classification, the overall RMS error was reduced to 0.320. Bias and relative error were also reduced when evaluating the blended chlorophyll-a product compared to either of the single algorithm products. As a demonstration for ocean color applications, the algorithm blending approach was applied to MERIS imagery over Lake Erie. We also examined the use of this approach in several coastal marine environments, and examined the long-term frequency of the OWTs to MODIS-Aqua imagery over Lake Erie.
  • Authors

  • Moore, Timothy S
  • Dowell, Mark D
  • Bradt, Shane
  • Verdu, Antonio Ruiz
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • March 5, 2014
  • Published In


  • Bio-optics
  • Biosignatures and proxies
  • Computational methods and data processing
  • Instruments sensors, and techniques
  • Remote sensing
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 97
  • End Page

  • 111
  • Volume

  • 143