Energy Distribution of X-rays Produced by Meter-Long Negative Discharges in Air

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The energy deposited from X-rays generated by 1 m long laboratory sparks in air created by 950 kV negative lightning impulses on scintillated detectors was measured. Assuming the X-ray energy detected in such sparks results from the accumulation of multiple photons at the detector having a certain energy distribution, an experiment was designed in such a way to characterize their distribution parameters. The detector was screened by a copper shield, and eight series of fifteen impulses were applied by stepwise increasing the copper shield thickness. The average deposited energy was calculated in each series and compared with the results from a model consisting of the attenuation of photons along their path and probable photon distributions. The results show that the energy distribution of X-ray bursts can be approximated by a bremsstrahlung spectrum of photons, having a maximum energy of 200 keV to 250 keV and a mean photon energy around 52 keV to 55 keV.
  • Authors

  • Hettiarachchi, Pasan
  • Cooray, Vernon
  • Rahman, Mahbubur
  • Dwyer, Joseph
  • Publication Date

  • December 6, 2017
  • Published In

  • ATMOSPHERE  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 244
  • End Page

  • 244
  • Volume

  • 8
  • Issue

  • 12