Differential Protein Dynamics of Regulators of G-Protein Signaling: Role in Specificity of Small-Molecule Inhibitors.

Academic Article


  • Small-molecule inhibitor selectivity may be influenced by variation in dynamics among members of a protein family. Regulator of G-protein Signaling (RGS) proteins are a family that plays a key role in G-Protein Coupled Receptor (GPCR) signaling by binding to active Gα subunits and accelerating GTP hydrolysis, thereby terminating activity. Thiadiazolidinones (TDZDs) inhibit the RGS-Gα interaction by covalent modification of cysteine residues in RGS proteins. Some differences in specificity may be explained by differences in the complement of cysteines among RGS proteins. However, key cysteines shared by RGS proteins inhibited by TDZDs are not exposed on the protein surface, and differences in potency exist among RGS proteins containing only buried cysteines. We hypothesize that differential exposure of buried cysteine residues among RGS proteins partially drives TDZD selectivity. Hydrogen-deuterium exchange (HDX) studies and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were used to probe the dynamics of RGS4, RGS8, and RGS19, three RGS proteins inhibited at a range of potencies by TDZDs. When these proteins were mutated to contain a single, shared cysteine, RGS19 was found to be most potently inhibited. HDX studies revealed differences in α4 and α6 helix flexibility among RGS isoforms, with particularly high flexibility in RGS19. This could cause differences in cysteine exposure and lead to differences in potency of TDZD inhibition. MD simulations of RGS proteins revealed motions that correspond to solvent exposure observed in HDX, providing further evidence for a role of protein dynamics in TDZD selectivity.
  • Authors

  • Shaw, Vincent S
  • Mohammadiarani, Hossein
  • Vashisth, Harish
  • Neubig, Richard R
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • March 7, 2018
  • Keywords

  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Molecular Dynamics Simulation
  • Protein Conformation
  • Protein Interaction Maps
  • RGS Proteins
  • Signal Transduction
  • Small Molecule Libraries
  • Thiadiazoles
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 3454
  • End Page

  • 3460
  • Volume

  • 140
  • Issue

  • 9