Aging in Place of Vulnerable Older Adults: Person-Environment Fit Perspective.

Academic Article


  • Based on the premise that the experience of aging in place is different for vulnerable subgroups of older adults compared with less vulnerable subgroups, we focus on low-income older adults as a vulnerable subgroup and senior housing as an alternative to a conventional, private home environment. Using the 2008 and 2010 waves of the Health Retirement Study, regression models determined the impact of person-environment (P-E) fit between poverty status and residence in senior housing on self-rated health. Consistent with the environmental docility hypothesis, findings show that, among low-income individuals, the supportive environment of senior housing plays a pronounced compensating role and may be a key to successful adaptation in aging. As the first research effort to empirically demonstrate the positive health effects of senior housing among socioeconomically vulnerable elders, our findings provide a much-needed theoretical and practical underpinning for policy-making efforts regarding vulnerable elders.
  • Authors

  • Park, Sojung
  • Han, Yoonsun
  • Kim, BoRin
  • Dunkle, Ruth E
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • November 2017
  • Published In


  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Environment
  • Female
  • Housing
  • Humans
  • Independent Living
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Poverty
  • Regression Analysis
  • United States
  • Vulnerable Populations
  • aging in place
  • person–environment fit
  • vulnerable elders
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 26610906
  • Start Page

  • 1327
  • End Page

  • 1350
  • Volume

  • 36
  • Issue

  • 11