Differential Aging in Place and Depressive Symptoms: Interplay Among Time, Income, and Senior Housing.

Academic Article


  • OBJECTIVE: We examined cumulative and differential experiences of aging in place. METHOD: Data came from the 2002 and 2010 wave of the Health Retirement Study. We modeled the trajectory of later-life depressive symptoms, and how senior-housing environments moderate the negative association between economic disadvantages and depressive symptoms. RESULTS: At baseline, economically disadvantaged older adults were more likely to exhibit depressive symptoms. However, detrimental effects of income group (non-low income vs. moderate income; non-low income vs. low income) on depressive symptoms did not significantly change over time. The age-leveler hypothesis may account for nonsignificant effects of disadvantaged income groups over time. DISCUSSION: Findings suggest that moderate-income seniors may experience positive differentials if they age in place in a supportive senior-housing environment. Moderate-income seniors may have broader opportunities in senior housing compared to private-home peers. Senior housing might partially counter risks such as low mental health, emerging from life-course disadvantage.
  • Authors

  • Park, Sojung
  • Kim, BoRin
  • Han, Yoonsun
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • March 2018
  • Keywords

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Depression
  • Economic Status
  • Female
  • Health Surveys
  • Housing for the Elderly
  • Humans
  • Independent Living
  • Male
  • Vulnerable Populations
  • aging in place
  • later-life depressive symptoms
  • life course
  • low income
  • person–environment fit
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 29298629
  • Start Page

  • 207
  • End Page

  • 231
  • Volume

  • 40
  • Issue

  • 3