Chemical and biological protection and detection in fabrics for protective clothing

Academic Article


  • AbstractMilitary, firefighter, law enforcement, and medical personnel require high-level protection when dealing with chemical and biological threats in many environments ranging from combat to urban, agricultural, and industrial. Current protective clothing is based on full barrier protection, such as hazardous materials (HAZMAT) suits, or permeable adsorptive protective overgarments, such as those used by the U.S. military. New protective garment systems are envisioned that contain novel features, such as the capability to selectively block toxic chemicals, to chemically destroy toxic materials that contact the fabric, and to detect hazardous agents on the surface of the fabric. New technologies being built into advanced fabrics for enhanced chemical and biological protection include selectively permeable membranes, reactive nanoparticles, reactive nanofibers, biocidal fabric treatments, and conductive-polymer indicators on optical fibers.
  • Authors

  • Schreuder-Gibson, HL
  • Truong, Q
  • Walker, JE
  • Owens, JR
  • Wander, JD
  • Jones, Wayne
  • Status

    Publication Date

  • August 2003
  • Has Subject Area

    Published In

  • MRS Bulletin  Journal
  • Keywords

  • advanced fabrics
  • antimicrobial treatments
  • biological protection
  • chemical detection
  • chemical protection
  • permeable membranes
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Start Page

  • 574
  • End Page

  • 578
  • Volume

  • 28
  • Issue

  • 8